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1184 BC - Trojan War: Troy was sacked and burned, according to the calculations of Eratosthenes.

1429 - Hundred Years' War: The start of the Battle of Jargeau.

1509 - Marriage of King Henry VIII of England and Catherine of Aragon.

1580 - Juan de Garay founds Buenos Aires.

1770 - Captain James Cook runs aground on the Great Barrier Reef.

1774 - Jews in Algiers escape the attacks of the Spanish army.

1776 - Continental Congress appoints Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston to a committee to draft a declaration of independence.

1788 - Russian explorer Gerasim Izmailov reaches Alaska.

1825 - The first cornerstone is laid for Fort Hamilton in New York City.

1837 - The Broad Street Riot occurred in Boston, fueled by ethnic tensions between English-Americans and Irish-Americans.

1866 - The Allahabad High Court (then Agra High Court) is established in India.

1892 - The Limelight Department, one of the world's first film studios, is officially established in Melbourne, Australia.

1898 - Spanish-American War: U.S. war ships start to sail for Cuba.


1901 - New Zealand annexes the Cook Islands.

1907 - George Dennett, aided by Gilbert Jessop, dismisses Northamptonshire for 12 runs, the lowest total in first-class cricket.

1935 - Inventor Edwin Armstrong gives the first public demonstration of FM broadcasting in the United States, at Alpine, New Jersey.

1936 - International Surrealist Exhibition opens in London, England.

1937 - Great Purge: The Soviet Union executes eight army leaders under Joseph Stalin.

1940 - World War II: British forces bomb Genoa and Turin in Italy.

1940 - World War II: First attack of the Italian Airforce on the island of Malta.

1942 - World War II: The United States agrees to send Lend-Lease aid to the Soviet Union.

1945 - William Lyon Mackenzie King is re-elected as Canadian prime minister.

1945 - Franck Committee recommends against a surprise nuclear bombing of Japan. [1]

1955 - Eighty-three are killed and at least 100 are injured after an Austin-Healey and a Mercedes-Benz collide at the Le Mans Grand Prix.

1956 - First Puerto Rican Parade was held in Harlem New York.

1962 - Frank Morris, John Anglin and Clarence Anglin become the only prisoners to successfully escape from the prison on Alcatraz Island.


1963 - American Civil Rights Movement: Alabama Governor George Wallace stands at the door of Foster Auditorium at the University of Alabama in an attempt to block two black students from attending that school.

1963 - Buddhist monk Thich Quang Duc burns himself with gasoline in a busy Saigon intersection to protest the lack of religious freedom in South Vietnam.

1964 - World War II veteran Walter Seifert runs amok in an elementary school in Cologne, Germany, killing at least eight children and two teachers and seriously injuring several more with a home-made flamethrower and a lance.

1967 - Mexico becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.

1970 - After being appointed on May 15, Anna Mae Hays and Elizabeth P. Hoisington officially receive their ranks as U.S. Army Generals, becoming the first females to do so.

1977 - Seattle Slew wins the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing.

1985 - A Fabergé Egg was sold for £1,375,00 in New York.

1988 - Nelson Mandela 70th Birthday Tribute Wembley Stadium, London.

1988 - The name of the General Public License (GPL) is mentioned for the first time.

1998 - Compaq Computer pays $9 billion for Digital Equipment Corporation in largest high-tech acquisition.

2001 - Timothy McVeigh is executed for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing.

2002 - Antonio Meucci was recognised as the first inventor of the telephone by the United States Congress.

2004 - Cassini-Huygens makes its closest flyby of Phoebe.

2004 - Ronald Reagan's funeral held at Washington National Cathedral.

2005 - G8 finance ministers agree to cancel the debt owed by 18 of the poorest countries.

2006 - Nintendo DS Lite released in North America.


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