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1543 - King Henry VIII of England married his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr at Hampton Court Palace.

1573 - Spanish forces under the Duke of Alva capture Haarlem after a seven month siege.

1580 - Ostrog Bible, the first printed Bible in a Slavic language, is published.

1690 - Williamite war in Ireland: Battle of the Boyne (Gregorian calendar) - The army of William III of England defeats that of the deposed King James VII of Scotland and II of England.

1691 - Williamite war in Ireland: Battle of Aughrim (Julian calendar) - The decisive victory of William's forces in Ireland.

1759 - Seven Years' War - French and Indian War: British cannons start firing on French at Quebec City, from Lévis, Quebec.

1806 - Sixteen German imperial states left the Holy Roman Empire and formed the Confederation of the Rhine.

1812 - War of 1812: The United States invades Canada at Windsor, Ontario.

1862 - Medal of Honor authorized by the United States Congress.

1892 - A hidden lake bursts out of a glacier on the side of Mont Blanc, flooding the valley below and killing around 200 villagers and holidaymakers in Saint Gervais.

1932 - Lambeth Bridge, London, opened by King George V of the United Kingdom

1932 - Hedley Verity establishes a first-class record by taking all ten wickets for only ten runs against Nottinghamshire on a pitch affected by a storm.

1933 - Congress passes the first federal minimum wage law in the United States: 33 cents per hour.


1943 - World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka - German and Soviet forces engage in largest tank engagement of all time.

1950 - René Pleven becomes Prime Minister of France.

1960 - Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.

1967 - Four days of race riots begin in Newark, New Jersey that will claim the lives of 27 people.

1973 - A fire destroys the entire 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States.

1975 - São Tomé and Príncipe declare independence.

1979 - Disco Demolition Night takes place in Chicago.

1979 - The island nation of Kiribati declares independence.

1993 - A magnitude 7.8 earthquake off the shore of Hokkaido, Japan launches a devastating tsunami, killing 202 on the small island of Okushiri.

2002 - Gay rights: The Superior Court of Ontario orders Ontario to recognize same-sex marriages.

2004 - Pedro Santana Lopes is officially appointed Prime Minister of Portugal.

2005 - Prince Albert II is enthroned as ruler of the Principality of Monaco.

2005 - Thunder Horse, the largest semi-submersible oil platform in the world, was found listing badly after hurricane Dennis.



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