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1301 - Andrew III of Hungary dies, ending the Arpad dynasty in Hungary.

1501 - Martin Luther, 17, enters the University of Erfurt.

1514 - Pope Leo X issues a papal bull against slavery.

1539 - Spain annexes Cuba.

1639 - The "Fundamental Orders", the first written constitution that created a government, was adopted in Connecticut.

1690 - The clarinet is invented in Nuremberg, Germany.

1724 - King Philip V of Spain abdicates the throne.

1784 - American Revolutionary War: The United States ratifies a peace treaty with England.

1814 - Treaty of Kiel: Frederick VI of Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden in return for Pomerania.

1858 - Napoleon III of France escapes an assassination attempt.

1900 - Giacomo Puccini's opera Tosca premieres in Rome.

1907 - An earthquake in Kingston, Jamaica kills more than 1,000.

1939 - Norway claims Queen Maud Land in Antarctica.


1943 - World War II: Roosevelt and Churchill begin Casablanca Conference to discuss strategy and study the next phase of the war.

1943 - Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to travel via airplane while in office (Miami, Florida to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill to discuss World War II).

1951 - The National Football League has its first Pro Bowl Game (Los Angeles, California).

1952 - The Today Show premieres on NBC.

1954 - Marilyn Monroe weds Joe DiMaggio.

1954 - The Hudson Motor Car Company merges with Nash-Kelvinator Corporation forming the American Motors Corporation.

1963 - George Wallace becomes governor of Alabama.

1969 - An explosion aboard the USS Enterprise near Hawaii kills 25 people.

1970 - Sato Eisaku is elected to his third term as Prime Minister of Japan.

1972 - Queen Margrethe II of Denmark accends the throne, the first Queen of Denmark since 1412 and the first Danish monarch not named Frederick or Christian since 1513.

1972 - The TV comedy Sanford & Son (an American import of the British comedy Steptoe and Son) premieres on NBC.

1973 - Super Bowl VII: The Miami Dolphins defeat the Washington Redskins. The Dolphins become the first NFL team to go undefeated in a season.

1975 - Teenage heiress Lesley Whittle is kidnapped by Donald Neilson, aka "the Black Panther".


1978 - Johnny Rotten quits the Sex Pistols after the final show of their American tour, at the Winterland Ballroom in San Francisco.

1984 - Ray Mancini defeats Bobby Chacon by a knockout in three to retain his WBA boxing world Lightweight title in Reno.

1985 - Martina Navratilova wins her 100th tennis tournament.

1993 - David Letterman announces he is moving his television talk show from NBC to CBS.

1994 - U.S. President Bill Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin sign the Kremlin accords.

1996 - Jorge Sampaio is elected president of Portugal.

1998 - Researchers in Dallas, Texas present findings about an enzyme that slows aging and cell death (apoptosis).

1998 - An Afghan cargo plane crashes into a mountain in southwest Pakistan killing more than 50 people.

2000 - A United Nations tribunal sentences five Bosnian Croats to up to 25 years for the 1993 killing of over 100 Muslims in a Bosnian village.

2000 - Sport Club Corinthians Paulista wins Vasco da Gama, on the final match for the FIFA Club World Championship.

2000 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average reached a record high of 11,722.98.

2000 - David Letterman undergoes quintuple heart bypass surgery.

2004 - Goatse.cx is suspended by the Christmas Island Technology Corporation following a massive grassroots movement to close the site forever.

2004 - Amartya Sen steps down as Master of Trinity College, Cambridge.

2004 - The national flag of Georgia, the so-called "five cross flag", was restored to official use after a hiatus of some 500 years.

2005 - Landing of the Huygens probe on Saturn's moon Titan.


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