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1392 - Historku-cho - Emperor Go-Kameyama abdicates in favor of rival claimant Go-Komatsu.

1598 - Seven Year War: Battle of Noryang Point - Admiral Yi Sun Sin's outnumbered Korean navy ambushes and defeats Toyotomi Hideyoshi's Japanese fleet.

1653 - English Interregnum: The Protectorate - Oliver Cromwell becomes Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.

1689 - Convention Parliament: The Declaration of Right is embodied in the Bill of Rights.

1761 - Seven Years' War: After four-month siege, the Russians under Pyotr Rumyantsev take the Prussian fortress of Kolobrzeg.

1773 - American Revolution: Boston Tea Party - Members of the Sons of Liberty disguised as Mohawks dump crates of tea into Boston harbor as a protest against the Tea Act.

1811 - The first two in a series of severe earthquakes occurs, in the vicinity of New Madrid, Missouri.

1838 - Battle of Blood River: Voortrekkers led by Andries Pretorius combat Zulu impis, led by Dambuza (Nzobo) and Ndlela kaSompisi in what is today KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

1850 - History of New Zealand: The Charlotte-Jane and the Randolph bring the first of the Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton.

1864 - American Civil War: Franklin-Nashville Campaign - Battle of Nashville - Major General George H. Thomas's Union forces defeat Lieutenant General John Bell Hood's Confederate Army of Tennessee.

1893 - Antonin Dvorák's Symphony No. 9 in E minor, Op. 95, "From The New World" was given its world premiere at Carnagie Hall.

1899 - Brooklyn Children's Museum opens.

1910 - During a ground test of his Coand?-1910 plane, Henri Coand?, caught unaware by the power of the engine, finds himself briefly airborne and loses control of the machine which crashes to the ground.


1922 - President of Poland Gabriel Narutowicz is assassinated by Eligiusz Niewiadomski at the Zach?ta Gallery in Warsaw.

1925 - A regular broadcasting service was instituted in Ceylon.

1941 - World War II: Japanese occupy Miri,Sarawak

1942 - Holocaust: Porajmos - Heinrich Himmler orders that Roma candidates for extermination should be deported to Auschwitz.

1944 - World War II: Battle of the Bulge - General Dwight D. Eisenhower's allied forces and Field Marshall Gerd von Rundstedt's German army engage in the Belgian Ardennes.

1946 - Léon Blum becomes Prime Minister of France.

1957 - Sir Feroz Khan Noon replaces Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar as Prime Minister of Pakistan.

1960 - 1960 New York air disaster: While approaching New York's Idlewild Airport, a United Airlines Douglas DC-8 collides with a TWA Lockheed Super Constellation in a blinding snowstorm over Staten Island, killing 134.

1971 - Liberation War of Bangladesh & Indo-Pakistani War of 1971: The surrender of the Pakistan army simultaneously brings an end to both conflicts.

1985 - Mafia: In New York City, Paul Castellano and Thomas Bilotti are shot dead on the orders of John Gotti, who assumes leadership of the Gambino family.

1989 - Protest breaks out in Timi?oara in response to an attempt by the government to evict dissident Hungarian pastor, László T?kés.

1991 - United Nations General Assembly: UN General Assembly Resolution 4686 revokes UN General Assembly Resolution 3379 after Israel makes revocation of resolution 3379 a condition of its participation in the Madrid Peace Conference of 1991.

1997 - Typhoon Paka makes landfall on the island of Guam with 150 mph winds.


1997 - The Pokémon episode Electric Soldier Porygon triggers attacks of photosensitive epilepsy in hundreds of Japanese children.

1998 - Iraq disarmament crisis: Operation Desert Fox - The United States and United Kingdom bomb targets in Iraq.

2005 - The last scheduled edition of US radio program The Howard Stern Show is broadcast on terrestrial radio.

2005 - Appalachian State University wins NCAA Division I-AA National Football Championship over University of Northern Iowa.


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