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335 - Dalmatius is raised to the rank of Caesar by his uncle Constantine I.

1356 - In the Battle of Poitiers, the English defeat the French.

1692 - Giles Corey is pressed to death after refusing to plead in the Salem witch trials.

1777 - First Battle of Saratoga/Battle of Freeman's Farm/Battle of Bemis Heights.

1778 - The Continental Congress passes the first budget of the United States.

1796 - George Washington makes his farewell address.

1862 - American Civil War: Battle of Iuka - Union troops under General William Rosecrans defeat a Confederate force commanded by General Sterling Price at Iuka, Mississippi.

1863 - American Civil War: Battle of Chickamauga.

1893 - Women's suffrage: In New Zealand, the Electoral Act of 1893 is consented to by the governor giving all women in New Zealand the right to vote, beginning with the 1893 New Zealand general election.

1900 - Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid commit their first robbery together.

1934 - Bruno Hauptmann is arrested for the murder of Charles Lindbergh Junior.

1944 - Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union signed. (End of the Continuation War).

1945 - Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) sentenced to death in London.


1946 - The Council of Europe is founded following a speech given by Winston Churchill at the University of Zurich.

1952 - The US bars Charlie Chaplin from reentering the country after a trip to England.

1957 - First U.S. underground nuclear bomb test.

1957 - Dalida is the first artist to be awarded a gold record in France for 300 000 sales of "Bambino".

1959 - Nikita Khrushchev is barred from visiting Disneyland.

1970 - Grateful Dead at Fillmore East.

1972 - A parcel bomb sent to Israeli Embassy in London kills one diplomat.

1973 - King Carl XVI Gustaf accedes to the throne of Sweden.

1976 - A Turkish Boeing 727 hits a mountain in southern Turkey killing 155.

1978 - Newspaper boy Carl Bridgewater is shot dead after disturbing burglars at a farm, leading to famous murder trial.

1981 - Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel reunite for a free concert in New York's Central Park.

1982 - Scott Fahlman posts the first recorded instance of the emoticon :-) to an online bulletin board.

1983 - Saint Kitts and Nevis gains its independence.


1985 - A strong earthquake hits Mexico City and other parts of Mexico, killing thousands and demolishing about 400 buildings.

1985 - Tipper Gore and other political wives form the Parents Music Resource Center.

1985 - Frank Zappa and other musicians testify at Congressional hearings on obscenity in rock music.

1989 - A terrorist bomb explodes UTA Flight 772 in mid-air above the Tùnùrù Desert, Niger, killing 171.

1989 - Hurricane Hugo makes landfall in the U.S. state of South Carolina.

1991 - ÿtzi the Iceman is discovered by a couple of German tourists.

1994 - The pilot episode of the hit medical drama ER airs in the United States, on NBC, which will become one of the most watched shows of all time.

1995 - The Washington Post and The New York Times publish the Unabomber's manifesto.

1997 - Guelb El-Kebir massacre in Algeria; 53 killed.

2001 - Commencement of combatant activities in Afghanistan (the date designated by U.S. President George W. Bush in Executive Order 13239 of December 12, 2001).

2003 - Musician Elliott Smith plays his final concert at Redfest in Salt Lake City, Utah, only weeks before his suicide.


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