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1187 - Siege of Jerusalem: Saladin captures Jerusalem after 88 years of Crusader rule.

1263 - The battle of Largs fought between Norwegians and Scots.

1535 - Jacques Cartier discovers Montreal, Quebec.

1789 - George Washington transmits the proposed Constitutional amendments (the so called "Bill of Rights") to the States for ratification.

1835 - The Texas Revolution begins with the Battle of Gonzales: Mexican soldiers attempt to disarm the people of Gonzales, Texas, but encounter stiff resistance from a hastily assembled militia.

1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Saltville - Union forces attack Saltville, Virginia, but are defeated by Confederate troops.

1889 - In Colorado, Nicholas Creede strikes it rich in silver during the last great silver boom of the American old west.

1889 - In Washington, DC, the first international Conference of American States begins.

1919 - US President Woodrow Wilson suffers a massive stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed.

1924 - The Geneva Protocol is adopted as a means to strengthen the League of Nations.

1928 - The "Prelature of the Holy Cross and the Work of God", commonly known as Opus Dei, was founded by Saint Josemaría Escrivá.

1935 - Italy invades Abyssinia (Ethiopia).

1937 - Samuel R. Caldwell becomes the first person is the United States to be arrested on a marijuana charge.


1941 - World War II: In Operation Typhoon, Germany begins an all-out offensive against Moscow.

1944 - World War II: Nazi troops end the Warsaw Uprising.

1950 - The comic strip Peanuts by Charles M. Schulz is first published in seven US newspapers.

1958 - Guinea declares itself independent from France.

1962 - Johnny Carson debuts as host of The Tonight Show.

1967 - Thurgood Marshall sworn in as the first African-American justice of United States Supreme Court.

1968 - A peaceful student demonstration in Mexico City ends in the Tlatelolco massacre.

1970 - A plane carrying the Wichita State University football team, administrators, and supporters crashes in Colorado killing 31 people.

1990 - A Chinese airline Boeing 737-247 is hijacked; after landing at Guangzhou it crashes into two airliners on the ground, killing 132

1992 - The Carandiru Massacre takes place after a riot in the Carandiru prison system in São Paulo, Brazil.

1996 - The Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments are signed by U.S. President Bill Clinton.

1996 - An AeroPerú Boeing 757 crashes in Pacific Ocean shortly after takeoff from Lima, Peru killing 70.

2004 - American Samoa joins the North American Numbering Plan.


2005 - The Ethan Allen tour boat capsized on Lake George in Upstate New York, killing twenty people.


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