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1099 - Godfrey of Bouillon elected first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem

1298 - Battle of Falkirk - Edward I (Longshanks) of England and his longbowmen defeat William Wallace and his scottish schiltrons outside the town.

1456 - Siege of Belgrade - John Hunyadi, Regent of Kingdom of Hungary defeats Mehmet II of Ottoman Empire

1499 - Battle of Dornach - The Swiss decisively defeat the Imperial army of Emperor Maximilian I.

1587 - Colony of Roanoke: A second group of English settlers arrive on Roanoke Island off of North Carolina to re-establish the deserted colony.

1793 - Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing north of Mexico.

1796 - Surveyors of the Connecticut Land Company name an area in Ohio "Cleveland" after Gen. Moses Cleaveland, the superintendent of the surveying party.

1805 - Napoleonic Wars: War of the Third Coalition - inconclusive battle of Cape Finisterre fought between a combined French and Spanish fleets under Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve of Spain and a British fleet under Admiral Robert Calder.

1812 - Napoleonic Wars: Peninsular War - Battle of Salamanca - British forces led by Arthur Wellesley (later the Duke of Wellington) defeat French troops near Salamanca, Spain.

1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Atlanta - Outside of Atlanta, Georgia, Confederate General John Bell Hood leads an unsuccessful attack on Union troops under General William T. Sherman on Bald Hill.

1908 - Albert Fisher establishes the Fisher Body Company to manufacture carriage and automobile bodies.

1916 - In San Francisco, California, a bomb explodes on Market Street during a Preparedness Day parade killing 10 and injuring 40.

1933 - Wiley Post becomes first person to fly solo around the world traveling 15,596 miles in 7 days, 18 hours and 45 minutes.


1934 - Outside Chicago's Biograph Theatre, "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents.

1937 - New Deal: The United States Senate votes down President Franklin D. Roosevelt's proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court of the United States.

1942 - The United States government begins compulsory civilian gasoline rationing due to the wartime demands.

1942 - Holocaust: The systematic deportation of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto begins.

1943 - Allied forces capture the Italian city of Palermo.

1944 - The Polish Committee of National Liberation publishes its manifesto, starting the period of Communist rule in Poland

1946 - King David Hotel bombing: Irgun bombs King David Hotel in Jerusalem, headquarters of the British civil and military administration, killing 90.

1962 - Mariner program: Mariner 1 spacecraft flies erratically several minutes after launch and has to be destroyed.

1977 - Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping is restored to power.

1991 - Serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer is arrested after the remains of 11 men and boys are found in his Milwaukee apartment.

1992 - Near MedellĂ­n, Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escapes from his luxury prison fearing extradition to the United States.

1997 - The second Blue Water Bridge opens between Port Huron, Michigan and Sarnia, Ontario.

2002 - Israel assassinates Salah Shahade, the Commander-in-Chief of Hamas's military arm, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, along with 14 civilians.


2003 - Members of 101st Airborne of the United States, aided by Special Forces, attack a compound in Iraq, killing Saddam Hussein's sons Uday and Qusay, along with Mustapha Hussein, Qusay's 14-year old son, and a bodyguard.

2005 - A man is shot dead by police as the hunt begins for the London Bombers. See 7 July 2005 London bombings and 21 July 2005 London bombings

2005 - The last Buick LeSabre rolls off the assembly line.


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