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41 - Roman Emperor Gaius Caesar (Caligula), known for his eccentricity and cruel despotism, is assassinated by his disgruntled Praetorian Guards. Claudius succeeds his nephew.

1438 - The Council of Basel suspends Pope Eugene IV.

1458 - Matthias I Corvinus becomes king of Hungary.

1624 - Alfonso Mendez, appointed by Pope Gregory XV as Prelate of Ethiopia, arrives at Massawa from Goa.

1679 - King Charles II of England disbands Parliament.

1742 - Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor.

1848 - California gold rush: James W. Marshall finds gold at Sutter's Mill near Sacramento.

1888 - Jacob L. Wortman patents the typewriter ribbon.

1908 - Robert Baden-Powell begins the Boy Scout movement.

1916 - In Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad, the Supreme Court of the United States declares the federal income tax constitutional.

1918 - A decree of the Council of People's Commissars, introducing the Gregorian calendar in Russia since February 1, issued.

1924 - St. Petersburg, Russia is renamed Leningrad.

1927 - Director Alfred Hitchcock releases his first film, The Pleasure Garden, in England.


1936 - Albert Sarraut becomes Prime Minister of France

1943 - World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill conclude a conference in Casablanca.

1945 - Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz, the concentration camp in Poland

1952 - Vincent Massey is sworn in as the first Canadian-born Governor-General of Canada.

1966 - An Air India Boeing 707 jet crashes on Mont Blanc, on the border between France and Italy, killing 117.

1972 - Japanese Sgt. Shoichi Yokoi is found hiding in a Guam jungle, where he had been in hiding since 1944, when U.S. forces liberated the island during World War II.

1984 - The first Apple Macintosh goes on sale.

1986 - Voyager 2 passes within 81,500 km (50,680 miles) of Uranus.

1993 - Turkish journalist and writer U?ur Mumcu assassinated by a bomb in his car in Ankara

1996 - Polish Premier Jozef Oleksy resigns amid charges he spied for Moscow.

2003 - The United States Department of Homeland Security officially begins operation.

2006 - Disney agrees to purchase Pixar in an all-cash deal, making Steve Jobs the largest shareholder in Disney.

2006 - UPN and The WB announced that they will cease operations in September to form The CW Television Network.



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