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41 - After a night of negotiation, Claudius is accepted as Roman Emperor by the Senate.

844 - Gregory IV begins and ends his reign as Catholic Pope

1327 - Edward III becomes King of England.

1494 - Alfonso II becomes King of Naples.

1533 - Henry VIII of England secretly marries his second wife Anne Boleyn.

1554 - Founding of São Paulo city, Brazil.

1579 - Treaty of Utrecht signed, marks beginning of Dutch Republic.

1755 - Moscow University established on Tatiana Day.

1787 - American Daniel Shays leads rebellion to seize Federal arsenal to protest debtor prisons.

1791 - The British Parliament passes the Constitutional Act of 1791 and splits the old province of Quebec into Upper and Lower Canada.

1792 - The London Corresponding Society is founded.

1858 - The Wedding March by Felix Mendelssohn becomes a popular wedding recessional after it is played on this day at the marriage of Queen Victoria's daughter, Victoria, and Friedrich of Prussia.

1879 - The Bulgarian National Bank is founded.


1881 - Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company.

1890 - The United Mine Workers of America is founded.

1890 - Nellie Bly completes her round-the-world journey in 72 days.

1915 - Alexander Graham Bell inaugurates U.S. transcontinental telephone service.

1917 - The Danish West Indies is sold to the United States for $25 million.

1918 - Russia declared a republic of Soviets.

1919 - The League of Nations is founded.

1924 - The 1924 Winter Olympics open in Chamonix, France (in the French Alps), inaugurating the Winter Olympic Games.

1941 - Pope Pius XII elevates the Apostolic Vicariate of the Hawaiian Islands to the dignity of a diocese. It becomes the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu.

1942 - Thailand declares war on the United States and United Kingdom.

1946 - The United Mine Workers rejoins the American Federation of Labor.

1949 - At the Hollywood Athletic Club the first Emmy Awards are presented.

1949 - The first Israeli election -- David Ben-Gurion becomes Prime Minister.


1955 - Russia ends state of war with Germany.

1959 - Pope John XXIII proclaims Second Vatican Council.

1960 - The National Association of Broadcasters reacts to the Payola scandal by threatening fines for any disc jockeys who accepted money for playing particular records.

1961 - In Washington, D.C. John F. Kennedy delivers the first live presidential television news conference.

1969 - US-North Vietnamese peace talks begin in Paris.

1971 - Charles Manson and three female "family members" are found guilty of murder and sentenced to life imprisonment.

1971 - Idi Amin leads a coup deposing Milton Obote and becomes Uganda's president.

1971 - Himachal Pradesh becomes the 18th Indian state.

1981 - Mao's widow Jiang Qing sentenced to death.

1986 - The National Resistance Movement topple the government of Tito Okello in Uganda.

1987 - German federal election, 1987 held

1990 - The Burns' Day storm hits Northwestern Europe.

1990 - Honduras becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.

1993 - Mir Amir Kansi kills two employees outside CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia.

1995 - The Norwegian Rocket Incident: Russia almost launches a nuclear attack after Black Brant XII, a Norwegian research rocket, is mistaken for a US Trident missile by the Olenegorsk early-warning radar station.

1998 - During a historic visit to Cuba Pope John Paul II demands the release of political prisoners and political reforms while condemning US attempts to isolate the country.

1999 - A 6.0 Richter scale earthquake hits western Colombia killing at least 1,000.

2002 - Wikipedia switches to the new version of its software ("Phase II") aka Magnus Manske Day.

2004 - Opportunity (MER-B) lands on surface of Mars.

2005 - A stampede during a pilgrimage in India kills at least 258.

2006 - Three independent observing campaigns announce the discovery of OGLE-2005-BLG-390Lb through gravitational microlensing, the first cool rocky/icy extrasolar planet around a main-sequence star.

2006 - The Council of Europe passes a draft resolution that emphatically condemns the atrocities and human rights violations of totalitarian communist regimes.


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