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625 - Honorius I becomes Pope.

939 - Edmund I succeeds Athelstan as King of England.

1553 - Condemned as a heretic, Michael Servetus is burned at the stake just outside Geneva.

1644 - Second Battle of Newbury in the English Civil War.

1795 - The United States and Spain sign the Treaty of Madrid, which establishes the boundaries between Spanish colonies and the U.S.

1797 - Treaty of Campo Formio is signed between France and Austria.

1810 - United States annexes the former Spanish colony of West Florida.

1838 - Missouri governor Lilburn Boggs issues the Extermination Order, which orders all Mormons to leave the state.

1870 - Marshal François Achille Bazaine surrenders to Prussian forces at Metz along with 140,000 French soldiers in one of the biggest French defeats of the Franco-Prussian War.

1904 - First New York City Subway line opens; the system becomes biggest in United States of America, and one of the biggest in world.

1916 - Battle of Segale: Negus Mikael, marching on the Ethiopian capital in support of his son Emperor Iyasus V, is defeated by Fitawrari Habte Giyorgis, securing the throne for Empress Zauditu.

1924 - The Uzbek SSR is founded in the Soviet Union.

1946 - First commercially-sponsored television program airs (Geographically Speaking, sponsored by Bristol-Myers).


1948 - Léopold Sédar Senghor founds the Senegalese Democratic Bloc (BDS).

1949 - An airliner flying from Paris to New York crashes near the Azores. Among the victims are violinist Ginette Neveu and boxer Marcel Cerdan.

1953 - British nuclear test Totem 2 is detonated at Emu Field, South Australia.

1954 - Benjamin O. Davis Jr. becomes the first African-American general in the United States Air Force.

1958 - Iskander Mirza, the first President of Pakistan, is deposed in a bloodless coup d'état by General Ayub Khan, who was appointed the enforcer of martial law by Mirza 20 days earlier.

1961 - NASA launched the first Saturn I rocket in Mission Saturn-Apollo 1.

1962 - Major Rudolph Anderson of the US Air Force became the only direct human casualty of the Cuban Missile Crisis when his U-2 reconnaissance airplane was shot down in Cuba by a Soviet-supplied SA-2 Guideline surface-to-air missile.

1973 - The Canyon City meteorite, a 1.4 kg chondrite type meteorite strikes in Fremont County, Colorado.

1981 - The Soviet submarine U 137 runs aground on the east coast of Sweden.

1990 - Supreme Soviet of Kirghiz SSR chooses Askar Akayev as republic's first president.

1991 - Turkmenistan achieved independence from the Soviet Union.

1995 - Latvia applies for membership in the European Union.

1997 - Stock markets around the world crash because of fears of a global economic meltdown. The Dow Jones Industrial Average plummets 554.26 points to 7,161.15. For the first time, the New York Stock Exchange activated their "circuit breakers" twice during the day eventually making the controversial move of closing the Exchange early (see October 27, 1997 mini-crash).


1998 - Gerhard Schröder becomes Chancellor of Germany for the first time.

2002 - Anaheim Angels win the baseball World Series

2002 - Trades unionist Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva is elected as President of Brazil.

2002 - LWT (London Weekend Television) is broadcast for the last time. It is replaced by ITV1 (London Weekends). All other ITV Regions (except UTV, Channel, Scottish TV & Grampian TV) broadcast regionally for the last time before joining a single networked ITV1.

2004 - End of the Curse of the Bambino: At approximately 11:41 P.M. EST, on a night featuring a lunar eclipse, Major League Baseball's Boston Red Sox defeat the St. Louis Cardinals 3-0 in Game 4 of the World Series to become champions for the first time since 1918.

2005 - Iran launches its first satellite, sina 1, into space.

2005 - Riots begin in Paris after the deaths of two Muslim teenagers


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