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1214 - Battle of Bouvines: In France, Philip II of France defeats John of England.

1549 - Jesuit priest Francis Xavier's ship arrives in Kagoshima, Japan.

1663 - The British Parliament passes the second Navigation Act requiring that all goods bound for the American colonies have to be sent in English ships from English ports.

1689 - Glorious Revolution: Battle of Killiecrankie ends

1694 - A Royal Charter is granted to the Bank of England.

1714 - The first important victory of the Russian Navy - the Battle of Gangut.

1778 - American Revolution: First Battle of Ushant - British and French fleets fight to a standoff.

1789 - The first U.S. federal government agency, the Department of Foreign Affairs, is established (later renamed Department of State).

1794 - French Revolution: Maximilien Robespierre is arrested after encouraging the execution of more than 17,000 "enemies of the Revolution." (See 9 Thermidor.)

1865 - Welsh settlers arrive in Argentina at Chubut Valley.

1866 - The Atlantic Cable is successfully completed, allowing transatlantic telegraph communication for the first time.

1880 - British army defeated at Battle of Maiwand in Afghanistan.

1914 - Felix Manalo establishes the modern-day Iglesia ni Cristo by registering it with the Filipino government.


1921 - Researchers at the University of Toronto led by biochemist Frederick Banting announce the discovery of the hormone insulin.

1928 - Tich Freeman becomes only bowler ever to take 200 first-class wickets before end of July.

1940 - Bugs Bunny makes his official debut in the animated cartoon A Wild Hare.

1941 - Japanese troops occupy French Indo-China.

1949 - Initial flight of the de Havilland Comet, the first jet-powered airliner.

1953 - Korean War ends: The United States, People's Republic of China, and North Korea, sign an armistice agreement. Syngman Rhee, president of South Korea, refuses to sign but pledges to observe the armistice.

1955 - The Allied occupation of Austria stemming from World War II, ends (started on May 9, 1945).

1964 - Vietnam War: 5,000 more American military advisers are sent to South Vietnam bringing the total number of United States forces in Vietnam to 21,000.

1968 - Pink Floyd releases the album A Saucerful of Secrets in the USA.

1974 - Watergate Scandal: The House of Representatives Judiciary Committee votes 27 to 11 to recommend the first article of impeachment against President Richard Nixon: obstruction of justice.

1976 - Former Japanese prime minister Kakuei Tanaka is arrested on suspicion of violating foreign exchange and foreign trade laws in connection with the Lockheed scandal.

1981 - British television: On Coronation Street, Ken Barlow marries Deirdre Langton, which proves to be a national event, with massive viewer numbers earned for the show.

1990 - The Jamaat al Muslimeen stage a coup d'├ętat attempt in Trinidad and Tobago, occupying Parliament and holding Prime Minister A. N. R. Robinson and most of his Cabinet hostage for 6 days. The last Citroen 2CV rolled off the production line at Mangualde, Portugal.


1995 - In Washington, DC, the Korean War Veterans Memorial is dedicated.

1996 - Centennial Olympic Park bombing: In Atlanta, Georgia, a pipe bomb explodes at Centennial Olympic Park during the 1996 Summer Olympics, killing one and injuring 111.

1997 - Si Zerrouk massacre in Algeria; about 50 people killed.

1999 - Twenty-one die in a canyoning disaster near Interlaken, Switzerland.

2002 - Ukraine airshow disaster: A Sukhoi Su-27 fighter crashes during an air show at Lviv, Ukraine killing 85 and injuring more than 100 others, the largest air show disaster in history.

2005 - STS-114: NASA grounds the Space shuttle, pending an investigation of the external tank's continued foam-shedding problem. During ascent, the external tank of the Space Shuttle Discovery sheds a piece of foam slightly smaller than the piece that caused the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster; this foam does not strike the spacecraft.


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