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1419 - First Defenestration of Prague.

1608 - At Ticonderoga (now Crown Point, New York), Samuel de Champlain shoots and kills two Iroquois chiefs. This was to set the tone for French-Iroquois relations for the next one hundred years.

1619 - In Jamestown, Virginia, the first representative assembly in the Americas, the House of Burgesses, convenes for the first time.

1629 - An earthquake in Naples, Italy kills 10,000 people.

1729 - Baltimore, Maryland is founded.

1733 - First Freemasons lodge opened in what will become the United States.

1756 - Bartolomeo Rastrelli presents the newly-built Catherine Palace to Empress Elizabeth and her courtiers.

1825 - Malden Island discovered.

1863 - Indian Wars: Chief Pocatello of the Shoshone tribe signs the Treaty of Box Elder, promising to stop harassing the emigrant trails in southern Idaho and northern Utah.

1864 - American Civil War: Battle of the Crater - Union forces attempt to break Confederate lines by exploding a large bomb under their trenches.

1930 - In Montevideo, Uruguay win the first Football World Cup.

1932 - The 1932 Summer Olympics open in Los Angeles, California.

1945 - World War II: A Japanese submarine sinks the USS Indianapolis, killing 883 seamen in the worst single loss in the history of the United States Navy.


1953 - Rikid?zan holds a ceremony announcing the establishment of the Japan Pro Wrestling Alliance.

1964 - Execution of Joseph Johnson

1954 - Elvis Presley makes his debut as a public performer.

1956 - A Joint Resolution of the U.S. Congress is signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, authorizing "In God We Trust" as the U.S. national motto.

1965 - US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid.

1966 - At Wembley Stadium, host England wins the Football World Cup, After drawing 2-2 at the end of 90 minutes, England beat Germany 4 to 2.

1969 - Vietnam War: US President Richard M. Nixon makes an unscheduled visit to South Vietnam and meets with President Nguyen Van Thieu and with US military commanders.

1970 - Powder Ridge Rock Festival

1970 - Black Tot Day: last day of the officially sanctioned rum ration in the Royal Navy

1971 - Apollo program: Apollo 15 lands on the Moon.

1971 - An All Nippon Airways Boeing 727 and a Japanese Air Force F-86 collide over Morioka, Japan killing 162

1974 - Watergate Scandal: US President Richard M. Nixon releases subpoenaed White House recordings after being ordered to do so by the United States Supreme Court.

1975 - Jimmy Hoffa disappears from the parking lot of the Machus Red Fox restaurant in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit, at about 2:30 p.m. He is never seen or heard from again


1980 - Vanuatu gains independence.

1990 - The first Saturn automobile rolls off the assembly line.

1997 - A double suicide bombing kills 14 people in Jerusalem,Israel.

1997 - Eighteen lives are lost in the Thredbo landslide in New South Wales, Australia.

2002 - Los Angeles Sparks center Lisa Leslie became the first woman to dunk in a basketball game.

2002 - The accounting law referred to as "The Sarbanes Oxley Act" was signed into law by United States President George W. Bush

2003 - In Mexico, the last 'old style' Volkswagen Beetle rolls off the assembly line.

2004 - A gas explosion kills 16 people in Belgium.

2006 - World's longest running music show Top of the Pops broadcast for the last time on BBC Two. The show has aired for 42 years.


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