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1504 - France cedes Naples to Aragon.

1606 - Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes is executed for his plotting against Parliament and James I of England.

1747 - The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Lock Hospital.

1910 - The Portuguese republican revolution broke out in the northern city of Porto.

1814 - Gervasio Antonio de Posadas becomes Supreme Director of Argentina.

1849 - Corn Laws abolished in the United Kingdom.

1865 - American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief.

1867 - Maronite nationalist leader Karam leaves Lebanon on board of a French ship for Algeria

1876 - The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations.

1915 - World War I: Germany uses poison gas against Russians.

1917 - World War I: Germany announces its U-boats will engage in unrestricted submarine warfare.

1918 - A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.

1929 - The Soviet Union exiles Leon Trotsky.


1930 - 3M markets Scotch Tape.

1936 - The Green Hornet radio show debuts.

1944 - World War II: American forces land on Kwajalein Atoll and other islands in the Japanese-held Marshall Islands.

1945 - US Army private Eddie Slovik is executed, the first American soldier since the Civil War to be executed for desertion.

1946 - Yugoslavia's new constitution, modeling the Soviet Union, establishes six constituent republics (Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia).

1950 - President Harry S. Truman announces a program to develop the hydrogen bomb.

1953 - A flood causes over 1,800 deaths in the Netherlands.

1956 - Guy Mollet becomes Prime Minister of France.

1958 - The first successful American satellite, Explorer I, is launched into orbit.

1958 - James Van Allen discovers the Van Allen radiation belt.

1961 - Ham the Chimp travels into outer space.

1968 - Viet Cong attack the United States embassy in Saigon.

1968 - Nauru declares independence from Australia.


1971 - Apollo program: Astronauts aboard Apollo 14 lift off for a mission to the moon.

1971 - The Winter Soldier Investigation, organized by the Vietnam Veterans Against the War to publicize war crimes and atrocities by Americans and allies in Vietnam, begin in Detroit, Michigan.

1980 - Takedown of the embassy of Spain in Guatemala, then the embassy was set on fire killing 36 people in this tragic incident.

1988 - Super Bowl XXII: The Washington Redskins win their second championship of the 1980s, 42-10.

1990 - The first McDonald's opens in Moscow, Russia.

1993 - Super Bowl XXVII: The Dallas Cowboys defeat the Buffalo Bills, 52-17.

1995 - President Bill Clinton authorizes a $20 billion loan to Mexico to stabilize its economy.

1996 - An explosives-filled truck rams into the gates of the Central Bank in Colombo, Sri Lanka killing at least 86 and injuring 1,400.

1999 - Super Bowl XXXIII: The Denver Broncos defeat the Atlanta Falcons, 34-19. After the game, the TV show Family Guy airs its pilot episode.

2000 - An Alaska Airlines MD-83 crashes in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Malibu, California killing all 88 aboard.

2001 - In the Netherlands a Scottish court convicts a Libyan and acquits another for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 which crashed into Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988.

2002 - A large section of the Antarctic Larsen Ice Shelf begins disintegrating, eventually consuming about 3,250 km² (1,254 miles²) over a 35-day period.

2003 - Waterfall train disaster, NSW, Australia

2004 - Mystery Science Theater 3000 ends its run on the Sci-Fi Channel.

2005 - The child molestation trial of superstar Michael Jackson begins in California.

2006 - Incapacitated Prime Minister of Israel Ariel Sharon officially exited politics after three decades when his Kadima party submitted its list of candidates for the upcoming election.


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