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1000 - Leif Ericson discovers Vinland, becoming the first known European to set foot in North America.

1075 - Dmitar Zvonimir was crowned as king of the Croatia.

1238 - James I of Aragon conquered Valencia and founded the Kingdom of Valencia.

1446 - The Hangul alphabet is published in Korea.

1514 - marriage of Louis XII of France and Mary Tudor

1604 - Supernova 1604, the most recent supernova to be observed in the Milky Way.

1635 - Founder of Rhode Island Roger Williams is banished from Massachusetts Bay Colony as a religious dissident after he spoke out against punishments for religious offenses and giving away Native American land.

1701 - The Collegiate School of Connecticut (later renamed Yale University) is chartered in Old Saybrook, Connecticut.

1771 - The Dutch merchant ship Vrouw Maria sinks near the coast of Finland.

1776 - Father Francisco Palou founds Mission San Francisco de Asis in what is now San Francisco, California.

1799 - Sinking of HMS Lutine with the loss of 240 men and a cargo worth £1,200,000.

1812 - War of 1812: In a naval engagement on Lake Erie, American forces capture two British ships; the HMS Detroit and the HMS Caledonia.

1820 - Guayaquil declared independence from Spain.


1831 - Capo d'Istria was assassinated.

1845 - The eminent and controversial Anglican, John Henry Newman, was received into the Roman Catholic Church.

1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Tom's Brook - Union cavalrymen in the Shenandoah Valley defeat Confederate forces at Tom's Brook, Virginia.

1871 - The Great Chicago Fire is brought under control.

1874 - General Postal Union was created as a result of the Treaty of Berne.

1888 - The Washington Monument officially opens to the general public.

1914 - World War I: Siege of Antwerp - Antwerp, Belgium falls to German troops.

1919 - Black Sox scandal: The Cincinnati Reds "win" the World Series.

1934 - Regicide at Marseille: The assassination of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia and Louis Barthou, Foreign Minister of France.

1936 - Generators at Boulder Dam (later renamed to Hoover Dam) begin to transmit electricity from the Colorado River 266 miles to Los Angeles, California.

1940 - World War II: Battle of Britain - During a nighttime air raid by the German Luftwaffe, St. Paul's Cathedral is pierced by a bomb.

1942 - Statute of Westminster Adoption Act formalizes Australian autonomy.

1957 - Neil H. McElroy was sworn in as the 6th Secretary of Defense of United States.


1962 - Uganda becomes a republic.

1963 - In northeast Italy, over 2,000 people are killed when a large landslide behind the Vajont Dam causes a giant wave of water to overtop it.

1967 - A day after being caught, Che Guevara is executed for attempting to incite a revolution in Bolivia.

1969 - In Chicago, Illinois, the United States National Guard is called in for crowd control as demonstrations continue in connection to the trial of the "Chicago Eight" (trial started on September 24).

1970 - The Khmer Republic is proclaimed in Cambodia.

1983 - Rangoon bombing: attempted assassination of South Korean President Chun Doo Hwan during an official visit to Rangoon, Burma. Chun survived but the blast killed 17 of his entourage, including four cabinet ministers, whilst 17 others were injured. Four Burmese officials also died in the blast.

1986 - United States District Court Judge Harry E. Claiborne becomes the fifth federal official to be removed from office through impeachment.

1989 - An official news agency in the Soviet Union reports the landing of a UFO in Voronezh.

1989 - In Leipzig, East Germany, 70,000 protesters demand the legalization of opposition groups and democratic reforms.

1991 - Ecuador becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.

1992 - A 13 kilogram (est.) meteorite lands in the driveway of the Knapp residence in Peekskill, New York, destroying the family's 1980 Chevrolet Malibu.

1995 - An Amtrak Sunset Limited train is derailed by saboteurs near Palo Verde, Arizona.

2001 - Second mailing of anthrax letters from Trenton, New Jersey in the 2001 anthrax attack.

2002 - After losing a massive amount of ground during the summer of 2002, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closes at 7,286.27, its lowest level in five years. The NASDAQ also hit a six-year low of 1,114.11.

2004 - Democratic elections held for the first time in Afghanistan.

2004 - The tri-annual federal election is held in Australia and Liberal Party of Australia leader, John Howard, wins a fourth term as Prime Minister in a landslide victory over opponent, Mark Latham of the Australian Labor Party.

2005 - China's State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping officially announced the new accurate height of Everest is 8848.43 m.

2005 - When Tropical Depression 23 strengthened into Hurricane Vince it made the 2005 Atlantic Hurricane Season the first season to use the V name.

2005 - Smoking is fully banned on the UK rail network.


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