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1258 - Battle of Baghdad - Mongols overrun Baghdad, burning it to the ground and killing large numbers of citizens (estimates range from 10,000 to 800,000).

1355 - The St. Scholastica's Day riot breaks out in Oxford, England, leaving 63 scholars and perhaps 30 locals dead in two days.

1542 - Queen Catherine Howard of England is confined in the Tower of London to be executed three days later for treason (adultery).

1763 - French and Indian War: The 1763 Treaty of Paris ends the war and France cedes Canada to Great Britain.

1814 - Battle of Champaubert

1840 - Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.

1846 - Battle of Sobraon - British defeat Sikhs in final battle of 1st Anglo-Sikh War

1863 - The world-famous dwarfs General Tom Thumb and Lavinia Warren get married in New York City.

1863 - Alanson Crane patents the fire extinguisher.

1870 - The YWCA is founded (New York City).

1897 - Freedom of religion in Madagascar

1920 - Jozef Haller de Hallenburg performs symbolic engagement of Poland with the sea, celebrating restitution of Polish access to open sea.

1929 - Msgr. Stephen Alencastre, SS.CC., dedicates the beautiful Romanesque church of Saint Patrick in Honolulu.


1931 - New Delhi becomes the capital of India.

1933 - The New York City-based Postal Telegraph Company introduces the first singing telegram.

1933 - In round 13 of a boxing match at New York City's Madison Square Garden, Primo Carnera knocks out Ernie Schaaf, killing him.

1947 - Italy cedes most of Venezia Giulia to Yugoslavia.

1954 - President Dwight Eisenhower warns against United States intervention in Vietnam.

1962 - Captured American spy pilot Francis Gary Powers is exchanged for captured Soviet spy Rudolf Abel.

1964 - The aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne collides with the HMAS Voyager off the south coast of New South Wales, Australia.

1967 - The 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified.

1981 - A fire at the Las Vegas Hilton hotel-casino kills eight and injures 198.

1989 - Ron Brown is elected chairman of the Democratic National Committee becoming the first African American to lead a major American political party.

1990 - James "Buster" Douglas KO's Mike Tyson In what perhaps was one of the greatest upsets in sports history .

1996 - The IBM supercomputer Deep Blue defeats Garry Kasparov for the first time.

1997 - The United States Army suspends CSM Gene C. McKinney, its top-ranking enlisted soldier, after hearing allegations of sexual misconduct.


1998 - A college dropout becomes the first person to be convicted of a hate crime committed in cyberspace.

1998 - Voters in Maine repeal a gay rights law passed in 1997 becoming the first U.S. state to abandon such a law.

1999 - Avalanches in the French Alps near Geneva kill at least 10.

2003 - France and Belgium broke the NATO procedure of silent approval concerning the timing of protective measures for Turkey in case of a possible war with Iraq.

2005 - North Korea and weapons of mass destruction: North Korea suspends participation in multi-nation talks to discuss its arms program and officially admits to developing nuclear weapons.

2006 - The 20th Olympic Winter Games begin in Turin, Italy with the Opening Ceremony.


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