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1295 BC - The coronation of Ramses II, on whose face the sun's rays fall each year in Abu Simbel temple.

1281 - Martin IV becomes Pope.

1288 - Nicholas IV becomes Pope.

1495 - King Charles VIII of France enters Naples to claim the city's throne.

1632 - Galileo's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published.

1744 - The Battle of Toulon begins.

1819 - By the Adams-Onís Treaty, Spain sells Florida to the United States for five million U.S. dollars.

1847 - Mexican-American War: The Battle of Buena Vista - 5,000 American troops drive off 15,000 Mexican.

1855 - The Pennsylvania State University is founded.

1856 - The Republican Party opens its first national meeting in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

1865 - Tennessee adopts a new constitution that abolishes slavery.

1876 - Johns Hopkins University is founded in Baltimore, Maryland.

1879 - In Utica, New York, Frank Woolworth opens the first of many of 5 and 10-cent Woolworth stores.


1882 - Serbian kingdom refounded.

1889 - President Grover Cleveland signs a bill admitting North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana and Washington as U.S. states.

1904 - UK recognises the South Orkney Islands as part of Argentina, in 1908 claims them again.

1915 - Germany institutes unrestricted submarine warfare.

1920 - In Emeryville, California, the first dog race track to employ an imitation rabbit opens.

1923 - The United States begins the first transcontinental air mail route.

1924 - Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President of the United States to deliver a radio broadcast from the White House.

1942 - World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders General Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines as American defense collapses.

1943 - Members of White Rose are executed in Nazi Germany.

1944 - American aircraft bombard the Dutch towns of Nijmegen, Arnhem, Enschede and Deventer by mistake, resulting in 800 dead in Nijmegen alone.

1948 - Start of the Czechoslovak Revolution.

1949 - Grady the Cow, a 1,200-pound cow gets stuck inside a silo on a farm in Yukon, Oklahoma and garners national media attention.

1956 - Elvis Presley enters the music charts for the first time, with "Heartbreak Hotel".


1958 - Egypt and Syria join to form the United Arab Republic.

1959 - Lee Petty wins the first Daytona 500.

1969 - Barbara Jo Rubin wins a United States thoroughbred horse race making history as the first woman to do so.

1973 - Cold War: Following President Richard Nixon's visit to China, the United States and the People's Republic of China agree to establish liaison offices.

1974 - Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) summit conference starts in Lahore, Pakistan. Thirty-seven countries are attending. Twenty-two heads of state and government participate.

1979 - Independence of Saint Lucia from the United Kingdom.

1980 - The United States ice hockey team defeats the Soviet Union team at the 1980 Winter Olympic Games in an upset dubbed the "Miracle on Ice".

1983 - Kamal Tiwari(the great chatter) was born

1994 - Aldrich Ames and his wife are charged by the United States Department of Justice with spying for the Soviet Union.

1997 - In Roslin, Scotland, scientists announce that an adult sheep named Dolly had been successfully cloned.

2002 - A MH-47E Chinook helicopter crashes into the ocean near the Philippines, killing all 10 aboard.

2006 - Al Askari Mosque bombed.

2006 - Dushanbe synagogue demolished.

2006 - At least six men stage Britain's biggest ever robbery, stealing £53m (about $92.5 million or ?78 million) from a Securitas depot in Tonbridge, Kent.

2006 - The 1 Billionth song was downloaded on ITunes.


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