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474 - Zeno crowned as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire.

1555 - Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake.

1621 - Gregory XV becomes Pope, the last Pope elected by acclamation.

1775 - American Revolutionary War: British Parliament declares Massachusetts in rebellion.

1788 - The Habsburg Empire joins the Russo-Turkish War in the Russian camp.

1822 - Haiti invades the Dominican Republic.

1825 - After no presidential candidate received a majority of electoral votes, the United States House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams President of the United States.

1861 - American Civil War: Jefferson Davis is elected the Provisional President of the Confederate States of America by the Confederate convention at Montgomery, Alabama.

1870 - The U.S. Weather Bureau was established.

1885 - The first Japanese arrive in Hawaii.

1889 - The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is established as a Cabinet-level agency.

1895 - William G. Morgan invents volleyball.

1900 - Davis Cup competition is established.


1904 - Battle of Port Arthur

1920 - By the terms of the Svalbard Treaty, international diplomacy recognizes Norwegian sovereignty over arctic archipelago Svalbard, and designates it as demilitarized.

1922 - Brazil becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.

1934 - The Balkan Entente is formed.

1942 - World War II: Top United States military leaders hold their first formal meeting to discuss American military strategy in the war.

1942 - Daylight saving time goes into effect in the United States.

1943 - World War II: Battle of Guadalcanal: After forcing the remaining Japanese to be evacuated the night before, American authorities declared Guadalcanal secure.

1950 - Red scare: Senator Joseph McCarthy accuses the United States State Department of being filled with Communists.

1960 - Joanne Woodward receives the first star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

1962 - Jamaica becomes independent nation within the Commonwealth of Nations.

1964 - The Beatles make their first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, performing before a "record-busting" audience of 73 million viewers.

1965 - Vietnam War: The first United States combat troops are sent to South Vietnam.

1969 - First test flight of the Boeing 747.


1971 - The 6.4 on the Richter Scale Sylmar earthquake hits the San Fernando Valley area of California.

1971 - Satchel Paige becomes the first Negro League player to become voted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.

1971 - Apollo program: Apollo 14 returns to Earth after the third manned moon landing.

1973 - Biju Patnaik of the Pragati Legislature Party elected leader of opposition in the state assembly in Orissa, India.

1975 - The Soyuz 17 Soviet spacecraft returns to Earth.

1986 - Comet Halley reaches perihelion, its closest approach to the sun, during its second visit to the solar system in the 20th century.

1991 - Voters in Lithuania vote for independence.

1994 - Peace plan for Bosnia and Herzegovina announced (so called Vance-Owen peace plan).

1996 - The Irish Republican Army declares the end of its 18 month ceasefire shortly followed by a large bomb in London's Canary Wharf.

2001 - The American submarine USS Greeneville accidentally strikes and sinks the Ehime-Maru, a Japanese training vessel operated by the Uwajima Fishery High School.


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