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86 BC - Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army, enters in Athens, removing the tyrant Aristion who was supported by troops of Mithridates VI of Pontus.

1457 - The Unitas Fratrum is established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is to date the second oldest Protestant denomination.

1562 - Over 1,000 Huguenots are massacred by Catholics in Wassy, France marking the start of the French Wars of Religion.

1565 - The city of Rio de Janeiro is founded.

1628 - Writs are issued in February by Charles I of England that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date.

1633 - Samuel de Champlain reclaims his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu.

1642 - Georgeana, Massachusetts (now known as York, Maine) becomes the first incorporated city in the USA.

1692 - The Salem witch trials begin in Salem Village, Massachusetts.

1700 - Sweden introduces its own Swedish calendar, in an attempt to reform into the Gregorian calendar, then reverts to the Julian calendar on this date in 1712, and then introduces the Gregorian Calendar on this date in 1753.

1781 - The Continental Congress adopts the Articles of Confederation.

1790 - The first United States census is authorized.

1803 - Ohio is admitted as the 17th U.S. state.

1805 - Justice Samuel Chase is acquitted at the end of his impeachment trial by the U.S. Senate.


1811 - Leaders of the Mameluke dynasty are killed by Egyptian ruler Muhammad Ali.

1815 - Napoleon returns to France from his banishment on Elba.

1836 - A Convention of delegates from 57 Texas communities convenes in Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas, to deliberate independence from Mexico.

1840 - Adolphe Thiers becomes prime minister of France.

1845 - President John Tyler signs a bill authorizing the United States to annex the Republic of Texas.

1847 - The state of Michigan formally abolishes the death penalty.

1852 - Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.

1854 - German psychologist Friedrich Eduard Beneke disappears; two years later his remains are found in the canal near Charlottenburg.

1867 - Nebraska becomes the 37th U.S. state; Lancaster, Nebraska is renamed Lincoln and becomes the state capital.

1872 - Yellowstone National Park is established as the world's first national park.

1873 - E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York, start production of the first practical typewriter.

1873 - Henry Comstock discovers the Comstock Lode in Virginia City, Nevada.

1886 - Anglo-Chinese School,Singapore is founded by Bishop William Oldham.


1896 - Battle of Adowa, an Ethiopian army defeats an outnumbered Italian force, ending the First Italo-Abyssinian War.

1896 - Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity.

1912 - Albert Berry makes the first parachute jump from a moving airplane.

1914 - The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.

1917 - U.S. government releases the plaintext of the Zimmermann Telegram to the public.

1918 - German submarine U-19 sinks HMS Calgarian off Rathlin Island.

1919 - March 1st Movement begins in Korea.

1932 - The son of Charles Lindbergh, Charles Augustus Lindbergh III, is kidnapped.

1936 - Hoover Dam is completed.

1941 - World War II: Bulgaria signs the Tripartite Pact thus joining the Axis powers.

1941 - W47NV (now known as WSM-FM) begins operations in Nashville, Tennessee becoming the first FM radio station in the U.S..

1946 - The Bank of England is nationalised.

1947 - The International Monetary Fund begins financial operations.

1949 - Indonesia seizes Yogyakarta from the Dutch.

1950 - Cold War: Klaus Fuchs is convicted of spying for the Soviet Union by giving them top secret atomic bomb data.

1953 - Joseph Stalin collapses, having suffered a stroke. He dies four days later.

1954 - Nuclear testing: The Castle Bravo, a 15-megaton hydrogen bomb, is detonated on Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean, resulting in the worst radioactive contamination ever caused by the United States.

1954 - Puerto Rican nationalists attack the United States Capitol building, injuring five Representatives. (See U.S. Capitol shooting incident (1954).)

1955 - Allen Fieldhouse at the University of Kansas hosts its first college basketball game.

1956 - The International Air Transport Association finalizes a draft of the Radiotelephony spelling alphabet for the International Civil Aviation Organization.

1958 - Samuel Alphonsus Stritch, is appointed Pro-Prefect of the Propagation of Faith and thus becomes the first American member of the Roman Curia.

1961 - President of the United States John F. Kennedy establishes the Peace Corps.

1961 - Uganda becomes self-governing as its first elections held.

1962 - American Airlines Flight 1 crashes on take off in New York.

1966 - Venera 3 Soviet space probe crashes on Venus becoming the first spacecraft to land on another planet's surface.

1966 - The Ba'ath Party takes power in Syria.

1969 - During a performance at Miami's Dinner Key Auditorium, Jim Morrison of the Doors is arrested for exposing himself during the show.

1971 - A bomb explodes in a men's room in the United States Capitol: the Weather Underground claims responsibility.

1971 - Pakistani President Yahya Khan indefinitely postponed the pending national assembly session, precipitating massive civil disobedience in East Pakistan.

1972 - The Thai province of Yasothon is created after being split off from the Ubon Ratchathani province.

1973 - Black September terrorists stormed the Saudi embassy in Khartoum, Sudan resulting in the Khartoum diplomatic assassinations.

1974 - Watergate scandal: Seven are indicted for their role in the Watergate break-in and charged with conspiracy to obstruct justice.

1975 - Colour television transmissions begin in Australia.

1978 - Charlie Chaplin's coffin is stolen from a Swiss cemetery.

1980 - Voyager 1 probe confirms that Janus (moon of Saturn) exists.

1983 - Swatch introduces their first timepieces.

1989 - The United States becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.

1990 - Steve Jackson Games is raided by the United States Secret Service, prompting the later formation of the Electronic Frontier Foundation.

1994 - Seattle grunge band Nirvana play their last show in Munich, Germany.

1995 - Polish Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak resigns from parliament and is replaced by ex-communist Józef Oleksy.

2000 - The Constitution of Finland is rewritten.

2000 - Hans Blix assumes the position of Executive Chairman of UNMOVIC.

2002 - U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins in eastern Afghanistan.

2002 - The Envisat environmental satellite successfully reaches an orbit 800 kilometers (500 miles) above the Earth on its 11th launch, carrying the heaviest payload to date at 8500 kilograms (9.5 tons).

2002 - The Peseta is discontinued as official currency of Spain and is replaced with the euro (?).

2002 - Space Shuttle Columbia lifts off for mission STS-109, its final successful mission.

2003 - Management of the United States Customs Service and the United States Secret Service move to the United States Department of Homeland Security.

2004 - Terry Nichols is convicted of state murder charges and being an accomplice to Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh.

2004 - Punycode adopted by the national registrars of Germany, Austria and Switzerland.

2004 - Mohammed Bahr al-Uloum becomes President of Iraq.

2006 - Tarja Halonen is inaugurated as president of Finland for the second and last time.

2005- British heavy metal band Judas Priest releases the album Angel Of Retribution

2006 - Queen Elizabeth II officially opens the new debating chamber for the National Assembly for Wales in Cardiff, a milestone in devolution.

2006 - The first confirmed case of H5N1 bird flu virus in Switzerland, a dead swan on Lake Geneva, near the city of Geneva.

2006 - English-language Wikipedia reaches its one millionth article.


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