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48 BC - Battle of Dyrrhachium, Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedonia.

1212 - The most severe of several early fires of London burns most of the city to the ground.

1410 - Battle of Grunwald, allied forces of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeat the army of the Teutonic Order.

1584 - William I of Orange was assassinated in his home in Delft, Holland by Balthasar Gérard.

1778 - American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain.

1789 - Alexander Mackenzie reaches Mackenzie River Delta.

1800 - British Indian Government established Fort William College to promote Urdu, Hindi and other vernaculars of sub continent.

1821 - The United States takes possession of its newly-bought territory of Florida from Spain.

1832 - President Andrew Jackson vetoes a bill that would re-charter the Second Bank of the United States.

1850 - Millard Fillmore is inaugurated as the 13th President of the United States.

1877 - The then villa of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico formally receives its city charter from the Royal Crown of Spain.

1890 - Wyoming is admitted as the 44th U.S. state.

1913 - Death Valley, California hits 134 °F (~56.7 °C), which is the highest temperature recorded in the United States (as of 2003).


1925 - The Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union (TASS), the official news agency of the Soviet Union , is established.

1925 - Meher Baba begins his silence of 44 years. His followers still observe Silence Day on this date in commemoration.

1925 - Scopes Trial: In Dayton, Tennessee, the so-called "Monkey Trial" begins with John T. Scopes, a young high school science teacher, accused of teaching evolution in violation of a Tennessee state law.

1938 - Howard Hughes sets a new record by completing a 91 hour airplane flight around the world.

1940 - World War II: Vichy France government established.

1940 - World War II: Battle of Britain - The German Luftwaffe begin to hit British convoys in the English Channel thus starting the battle (this start date is contested, though).

1941 - Jedwabne Pogrom was a massacre of Jewish people living in and near the village of Jedwabne in Poland.

1943 - World War II: The launching of Operation Husky begins the Italian Campaign.

1947 - Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah is recommended as the first Governor General of Pakistan by then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Clement Attlee.

1951 - Korean War: At Kaesong, armistice negotiations begin.

1951 - Randy Turpin becomes the middleweight boxing champion after defeating Sugar Ray Robinson.

1962 - Telstar, the world's first communications satellite, is launched into orbit.

1967 - Uruguay becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.


1967 - New Zealand adopts decimal currency.

1968 - Maurice Couve de Murville becomes Prime Minister of France

1973 - The Bahamas gain full independence within the Commonwealth of Nations.

1973 - National Assembly of Pakistan passes a resolution on Bangladesh recognition.

1976 - The Seveso Disaster occures in Italy.

1978 - World News Tonight premieres on ABC

1985 - Greenpeace vessel Rainbow Warrior is bombed and sunk in Auckland, New Zealand Harbor by French DGSE agents.

1991 - Boris Yeltsin begins his 5-year term as the first elected President of Russia.

1992 - In Miami, Florida, former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is sentenced to 40 years in prison for drug and racketeering violations.

1997 - London, scientists report their DNA analysis findings from a Neandertal skeleton which support the out of Africa theory of human evolution placing an "African Eve" at 100,000 to 200,000 years ago.

1998 - The remains of United States Air Force 1st Lt. Michael Joseph Blassie are returned to his family in St. Louis, Missouri from the Tomb of the Unknowns upon identification through DNA analysis. The remains had been in the first tomb since 1984.

1998 - Roman Catholic sex abuse cases: The Diocese of Dallas agrees to pay $23.4 million to nine former altar boys who claimed they were sexually abused by former priest Rudolph Kos.

2000 - A leaking southern Nigerian petroleum pipeline explodes, killing about 250 villagers scavenging gasoline.

2000 - EADS, the world's second largest aerospace group is formed by the merger of Aérospatiale-Matra, DASA, and CASA.

2002 - At a Sotheby's auction, Peter Paul Rubens' painting The Massacre of the Innocents is sold for £49.5million (US$76.2 million) to Lord Kenneth Thomson.

2003 - A Neoplan bus, owned by Kowloon Motor Bus, collides with a truck, falls off a bridge on Tuen Mun Road, Hong Kong, and plunges into the underlying valley, killing 21 people. This is the deadliest bus accident to date in Hong Kong.


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