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963 - Leo VIII is elected Pope.

1240 - Mongol invasion of Rus: Kiev under Danylo of Halych and Voivode Dmytro falls to the Mongols under Batu Khan.

1534 - The city of Quito in Ecuador is founded by Spanish settlers led by Sebastián de Belalcázar.

1768 - The first edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica is published.

1790 - The U.S. Congress moves from New York City to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

1845 - Alpha Sigma Phi Fraternity was founded at Yale College by Louis Manigault, Horace Spangler Weiser, and Stephen Ornsby Rhea.

1849 - American abolitionist Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery.

1865 - The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, banning slavery.

1877 - The Washington Post newspaper is first published.

1884 - The Washington Monument in Washington D.C. is completed.

1897 - London becomes the world's first city to host motorised taxi cabs.

1907 - A coal mine explosion at Monongah, West Virginia kills 362 workers.

1916 - David Lloyd George becomes Prime Minister of Britain.


1917 - Finland declares its independence from Russia.

1917 - Halifax Explosion: In Canada, a munitions explosion kills more than 1900 people and destroys part of the city of Halifax, Nova Scotia.

1921 - The Anglo-Irish Treaty is signed in London by British and Irish representatives

1922 - One year to the day after the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, the Irish Free State comes into existence.

1933 - U.S. federal judge John M. Woolsey rules that the James Joyce novel Ulysses is not obscene.

1947 - The Everglades National Park in Florida is dedicated.

1957 - Project Vanguard: A launchpad explosion thwarts the first United States attempt to launch a satellite.

1965 - Pakistan's Islamic Ideology Advisory Committee recommended that Islamic Studies be made a compulsory subject for Muslim students from primary to graduation level.

1969 - Meredith Hunter is killed by Hell's Angels during The Rolling Stones's concert at the Altamont speedway in California.

1971 - Pakistan snaps diplomatic ties with India following New Delhi's recognition of Bangladesh.

1971 - King Faisal of Saudi Arabia condemns Indian aggression on Pakistan.

1973 - The Twenty-fifth Amendment: The United States House of Representatives votes 387 to 35 to confirm Gerald Ford as Vice President of the United States (on November 27, the Senate confirmed him 92 to 3).

1975 - Balcombe Street Siege: An IRA Active Service Unit takes a couple hostage in Balcombe Street, London.


1977 - South Africa grants independence to Bophuthatswana, although it is not recognized by any other country

1978 - Spain approves its latest constitution in a referendum.

1989 - ÿcole Polytechnique Massacre: Marc Lépine kills 14 young women in Montreal, Quebec.

1991 - In Croatia, forces of the Yugoslav People's Army bombard Dubrovnik after laying siege there since May.

1992 - In Ayodhya, India, Hindus belonging to the nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party demolish the Babri Masjid, a 16th century mosque.

1997 - A Russian Antonov AN-124 transport cargo plane crashes into an apartment complex near Irkutsk, Siberia, killing 67.

2005 - Several villagers shot dead during protests in Dongzhou, China.


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