What happened on August 26 ?
55 BC - Julius Caesar invades Britain
1071 - Battle of Manzikert: The Seljuk Turks defeat the Byzantine Empire at Manzikert
1278 - Ladislaus IV of Hungary and Rudolph I of Germany defeat Premysl Ottokar II of Bohemia in the Battle of Marchfield near Dürnkrut in Moravia.
1303 - Ala ud din Khilji won Chittor
1346 - Hundred Years' War: The military supremacy of the English longbow over the French combination of crossbow and armoured knights is established at the Battle of Crécy.
1498 - Michelangelo commissioned to carve the Pietà.
1778 - The first ascent of Triglav, the highest mountain of Slovenia.
1789 - Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen approved by Constituent Assembly at Palace of Versailles
1839 - The ship Amistad is captured off Long Island.
1858 - First news dispatch by telegraph.
1862 - American Civil War: The Second Battle of Bull Run begins.
1883 - Eruption of Mount Krakatoa.
1914 - World War I: Germans defeat Russians in Battle of Tannenberg.
1914 - World War I: The British Expeditionary Force briefly checks the German advance at Le Cateau.
1914 - World War I: The German colony of Togoland is invaded by French and British forces, who take it after 5 days.
1920 - 19th amendment to U.S. Constitution gives women the right to vote.
1939 - The first Major League Baseball game is telecast, a double-header between the Cincinnati Reds and the Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbets Field, in Brooklyn, New York.
1940 - Chad is the first French colony to join the Allies under the administration of Félix ÿboué, France's first black colonial governor.
1944 - World War II: Charles de Gaulle enters Paris.
1957 - The USSR announces the successful test of an ICBM - a "super longdistance intercontinental multistage ballistic rocket ... a few days ago," according to Tass Soviet News Agency.
1968 - Democratic National Convention opens in Chicago, Illinois
1968 - The Beatles' "Hey Jude" is released as a single in the United States under the Apple Records label.
1970 - The third annual Isle of Wight rock festival, which would feature the last UK performance from Jimi Hendrix, opens in Great Britain.
1972 - Games of the XX Olympiad open in Munich, Germany.
1976 - Raymond Barre becomes Prime Minister of France.
1978 - Papal conclave, 1978 (August): Pope John Paul I is elevated to the Papacy.
1978 - Sigmund Jähn becomes first German cosmonaut on board of the Soyuz 31 spacecraft.
1980 - John Birges plants a bomb at Harvey's Resort Hotel in Stateline, Nevada.
1986 - Toxic gas kills 1700 in Cameroon.
1987 - President Ronald Wilson Reagan proclaims September 11, 1987 as 9-1-1 Emergency Number Day.
1988 - Merhan Karimi Nasseri arrives at Charles de Gaulle International Airport.
1995 - The International Rugby Board lifts all restrictions on payments relating to the game of Rugby Union, thus bringing the game's amateur age to an end.
1997 - Beni-Ali massacre in Algeria; 60-100 people killed.
2002 - Los Angeles Dodgers pitcher ÿric Gagné converts his first of a record 84 consecutive successful save opportunities.
2002 - Earth Summit 2002 begins in Johannesburg, South Africa.
2003 - Columbia Accident Investigation Board releases its final reports on Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
2005 - Fiji's High Court rules that the island's sodomy law is unconstitutional.
2005 - Jean Michel Jarre's "Space of Freedom" concert in Gda?sk, Poland