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30 BC - Octavian (later known as Augustus) enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman Republic.

527 - Justinian I becomes Byzantine Emperor.

607 - Ono no Imoko is dispatched as envoy to the Sui court in China (Traditional Japanese date: July 3, 607).

1203 - Isaac II Angelus, restored Eastern Roman Emperor, declares his son Alexius IV Angelus co-emperor after pressure from the forces of the Fourth Crusade.

1291 - The Swiss Confederation is formed.

1461 - Edward IV is crowned king of England.

1492 - Ferdinand and Isabella drive the Jews out of Spain.

1498 - Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to visit Venezuela.

1619 - First African slaves arrive in Jamestown, Virginia.

1664 - The Ottoman Empire is defeated in the Battle of Saint Gotthard by an Austrian army led by Raimondo Montecuccoli, resulting in the Peace of Vasvár.

1774 - The element oxygen is discovered by Carl Wilhelm and Joseph Priestley.

1798 - Battle of the Nile starts between French and British fleets.

1820 - London's Regent's Canal opens.


1831 - London Bridge opens.

1832 - The Black Hawk War ends.

1834 - Slavery is abolished in the British Empire.

1838 - Slaves in Trinidad and Tobago are emancipated.

1864 - The Elgin Watch Company is founded in Elgin, Illinois

1876 - Colorado is admitted as the 38th U.S. state.

1894 - The First Sino-Japanese War erupts between Japan and China over Korea.

1902 - The United States buys the rights to the Panama Canal from France.

1907 - First Scout camp opens on Brownsea Island. It was set up on July 29th and ran until August 9th.

1914 - Germany declares war on Russia at the opening of World War I.

1927 - The Nanchang Uprising marks the first significant battle in the Chinese Civil War between the Kuomintang and Communist Party of China. This day is commemorated as the anniversary of the founding of the People's Liberation Army.

1936 - The Berlin Olympic Games open.

1937 - Tito reads the resolution "Manifesto of constitutional congress of KPH" to the constitutive congress of KPH (Croatian Communist Party) in woods near Samobor.


1941 - The first Jeep is produced.

1944 - Anne Frank makes the last entry in her diary.

1944 - Warsaw Uprising against the Nazi occupation breaks out in Warsaw, Poland.

1945 - Mel Ott becomes the third member of the 500 home run club with a Home run at the Polo Grounds in New York, New York.

1946 - The Japanese Federation of Trade Unions is formed.

1948 - The U.S. Air Force Office of Special Investigations is founded.

1957 - The United States and Canada form the North American Air Defense Command (NORAD).

1960 - Dahomey (later renamed Benin) declares independence from France Communist PAI is banned in Senegal.

1961 - Six Flags Over Texas, the first Six Flags park, opens.

1965 - Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands announces her engagement to Claus von Amsberg.

1966 - Charles Whitman kills 15 people shooting from the Main Building at the University of Texas at Austin before being killed by the police.

1966 - Purges of intellectuals and imperialists becomes official People's Republic of China policy at the beginning of the Cultural Revolution.

1968 - The coronation is held of Hassanal Bolkiah, the 29th Sultan of Brunei.

1971 - George Harrison's Concert for Bangladesh in New York City features, among others, Bob Dylan, Eric Clapton, Ringo Starr and Leon Russell.

1975 - CSCE Final Act creates the Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe.

1977 - Frank H.T. Rhodes is elected President of Cornell University, a post he would hold for 18 years.

1981 - First broadcasts by MTV. The first video played was "Video Killed The Radio Star" by the Buggles.

1988 - Rush Limbaugh was syndicated nationally as a two hour radio show

1994 - Michael Jackson and Lisa Marie Presley confirm rumors that they had married eleven weeks earlier.

1996 - Olympic Games: Michael Johnson wins the 200-meter dash in 19.32 seconds, beating the old world record by over 0.3 seconds.

1996 - MTV2 makes its first broadcasts. The first video played was Beck's "Where It's At".

2001 - An agreement is reached on the position of the minority Albanian language in the Republic of Macedonia.

2001 - Bulgaria, Cyprus, Latvia, Malta, Slovenia and Slovakia join the European Environment Agency.

2001 - Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore has a 2-1/2 ton Ten Commandments monument installed in the rotunda of the judiciary building, leading to a lawsuit to have it removed and his own removal from office.

2004 - A supermarket fire kills 215 people and injures 300 in Asunción, Paraguay.

2004 - A bomb attack in front of Prague's Casino Royal.

2005 - German spelling reform of 1996 is formally implemented


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