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5509 BC - The world was created, according to the Byzantine Empire.

462 - possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle

1532 - Lady Anne Boleyn is created Marchioness of Pembroke by her fiancée, King Henry VIII of England

1644 - Battle of Tippermuir, Montrose defeats Elcho's Covenanters, reviving Royalist cause

1715 - King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years ? the longest of any major European monarch.

1752 - The Liberty Bell arrives in Philadelphia.

1772 - Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa founded in San Luis Obispo, California.

1804 - Juno, one of the largest main belt asteroids, was discovered by German astronomer Karl Ludwig Harding.

1807 - Former US Vice President Aaron Burr is acquitted of treason.

1836 - Narcissa Whitman, one of the first white women to settle west of the Rocky Mountains, arrives at Walla Walla, Washington.

1862 - American Civil War: Battle of Chantilly - Confederate forces attack retreating Union troops in Chantilly, Virginia.

1864 - American Civil War: Confederate General John Bell Hood evacuates Atlanta, Georgia after a four-month siege by General Sherman.

1873 - Cetshwayo ascends to the throne as king of the Zulu nation following the death of his father Mpande.


1875 - A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Irish anti-owner coal miners, the "Molly Maguires", to disband.

1894 - Great Hinckley Fire: A forest fire in Hinckley, Minnesota, kills more than 400 people.

1897 - The Boston subway opens, becoming the first underground metro in North America.

1905 - Alberta and Saskatchewan join the Canadian confederation.

1906 - the International Federation of Intellectual Property Attorneys (FICPI) is established.

1910 - Sport Club Corinthians Paulista, from Brazil, is founded

1914 - St. Petersburg, Russia changes its name to Petrograd.

1914 - The last Passenger Pigeon, a female named Martha, dies in captivity in the Cincinnati Zoo.

1923 - The Great Kant? earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama, killing about 100,000 people.

1928 - Ahmet Zogu declares Albania to be a monarchy and proclaims himself king.

1939 - World War II: Nazi Germany attacks Poland, beginning the war. (See Polish September Campaign.)

1939 - George C. Marshall becomes Chief of Staff of the United States Army.

1939 - The Wound Badge for Wehrmacht and SS soldiers is instituted.


1951 - The United States, Australia and New Zealand sign a mutual defense pact, called the ANZUS Treaty.

1954 - Paul "Bear" Bryant opens his infamous 10-day football mini-camp in Junction, Texas: The Junction Boys.

1960 - Disgruntled railroad workers effectively halt operations of the Pennsylvania Railroad, marking the first shutdown in the history of the company.

1962 - Channel Television launches to 54,000 households in the Channel Islands.

1969 - A revolution in Libya brings Col. Muammar al-Gaddafi to power , which was later transfered to the People's Committees .

1972 - In Reykjavík, Iceland, American Bobby Fischer beats Russian Boris Spassky and becomes the world chess champion.

1974 - The SR-71 Blackbird sets (and holds) the record for flying from New York to London: 1 hour 54 minutes and 56.4 seconds

1975 - The last original episode of the American television series Gunsmoke airs on CBS after a record 20-year run.

1979 - The American Pioneer 11 becomes the first spacecraft to visit Saturn when it passes the planet at a distance of 21,000 km.

1980 - Chun Doo-hwan becomes president of South Korea after the resignation of Choi Kyu-ha.

1982 - Canada adopts a Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms as part of its Constitution.

1983 - Cold War: Korean Air Flight 007 is shot down by a Soviet Union jet fighter when the commercial aircraft enters Soviet airspace. All 269 on board are killed.

1985 - A joint American-French expedition locates the wreck of the RMS Titanic.

1988 - YTV was launched.

1990 - The Communist Labour Party of Turkey/Leninist is founded, following a split from the Communist Labour Party of Turkey.

1991 - Uzbekistan declares independence from the Soviet Union

1999 - A LAPA Boeing 737-200 crashes during takeoff from Jorge Newbury Airport in Buenos Aires, killing 74, including 10 on the ground.

2001 - Almost every single commercial television station in Vancouver, British Columbia switches network affiliations after a round of ownership changes in 2000 - the largest change in North America.

2004 - The Beslan school hostage crisis begins when armed terrorists take hundreds of schoolchildren and adults hostage in the Russian town of Beslan in North Ossetia.


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