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1633 - Bananas on sale in England for the first time.

1741 - War of the Austrian Succession: Prussia defeats Austria in the Battle of Mollwitz.

1790 - United States Patent system established

1815 - Mount Tambora eruption covers several islands with ash in Indonesia.

1816 - The U.S. government approved the creation of a Second Bank of the United States.

1865 - American Civil War: A day after his surrender to Union forces, Confederate General Robert E. Lee addresses his troops for the last time.

1866 - The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) is founded in New York City by Henry Bergh.

1906 - The Four Million, O. Henry's second short story collection, is published.

1912 - The RMS Titanic leaves port in Southampton, England for her first and last voyage.

1916 - The Professional Golfers Association of America (PGA) is created in New York City by 82 charter members.

1919 - Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata is ambushed and shot dead by government forces in Morelos.

1925 - The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald is first published in New York, New York by Charles Scribner's Sons.

1933 - New Deal: The Civilian Conservation Corps is created.


1938 - ÿdouard Daladier becomes Prime Minister of France.

1941 - World War II: The Axis Powers in Europe establish the Independent State of Croatia from occupied Yugoslavia with Ante Paveli?'s Ustase fascist insurgents in power.

1944 - Rudolf Vrba and Alfred Wetzler escape from Auschwitz II death camp.

1944 - Henry Ford II is named executive vice president of Ford Motor Company.

1957 - The Suez Canal is reopened for all shipping after being closed for three months.

1959 - Akihito, future Emperor of Japan, weds Michiko (née Michiko Shoda), a commoner.

1963 - The submarine USS Thresher is lost at sea, with all hands (129 officers, crewmen and civilian technicians).

1968 - Shipwreck of the Wahine outside Wellington harbour.

1970 - Paul McCartney announces that The Beatles have broken up.

1970 - Vietnam War: 48 percent of the Americans polled in a Gallup Poll approve of U.S. President Richard M. Nixon's Vietnam policy, while 41 percent disapprove.

1971 - Cold War: In an attempt to thaw relations with the United States, the People's Republic of China host the U.S. table tennis team for a weeklong visit.

1972 - 20 days after he was kidnapped in Buenos Aires, Oberdan Sallustro is executed by communist guerrillas.

1972 - Vietnam War: For the first time since November 1967 American B-52 bombers reportedly begin bombing North Vietnam.


1973 - A British Vanguard turboprop crashes during a snowstorm at Basel, Switzerland killing 104.

1978 - Volkswagen becomes the first non-American automobile manufacturer to build cars in the United States, opening a plant in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, to build the Rabbit economy car. (The plant, which later builds Golfs and Jettas, closes in July 1988.)

1979 - On the day known to meteorologists as "Terrible Tuesday", a tornado hits in Wichita Falls, Texas killing 42 people. (see Red River Valley Tornado Outbreak).

1991 - Italian ferry "Moby Prince" collides with an oil tanker in dense fog off Livorno, Italy killing 140.

1991 - A rare tropical storm develops in the Southern Hemisphere off the coast of Angola; the first of its kind to be documented by satellites.

1998 - The Belfast Agreement is signed.

2002 - Janez Lapajne's first feature film Rustling Landscapes (?elestenje) is released in theatres.

2006 - Hundreds of thousands protest H.R. 4437 in cities across the United States.

2006 - LiveJournal reaches 10 million user accounts.


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