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3114 BC - On this date in the proleptic Gregorian calendar begins our current era in the Maya Long Count Calendar.

480 BC - Persians under Xerxes defeat Spartans under King Leonidas in the Battle of Thermopylae. The Spartans fought to the last man.

480 BC - The Persian and Greek fleets also fight the indecisive Battle of Artemisium.

70 - The destruction of the First Temple (originially built by King Solomon), and the destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem.

355 - Claudius Silvanus, accused of treason, proclaims himself Roman Emperor against Constantius II.

1492 - Alexander VI is elected Pope.

1711 - The first race meeting was held at Ascot

1858 - First ascent of the Eiger.

1898 - American troops enter the city of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War.

1918 - World War I - Battle of Amiens ends

1919 - Constitution of Weimar Republic adopted

1920 - The Latvia - Bolshevist Russia peace treaty which relinquished Russia`s authority and pretences to Latvian nation and territory for all time. In 1940 the Soviet Union unilaterally broke this Treaty and occupied Latvia

1929 - Babe Ruth becomes the first baseball player to hit 500 home runs in his career with a home run at League Park in Cleveland, Ohio.


1934 - Federal prison opened at Alcatraz Island

1943 - World War II - First Quebec Conference of Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, T. V. Soong and William Lyon Mackenzie King begins.

1951 - René Pleven becomes Prime Minister of France

1952 - Hussein proclaimed king of Jordan

1956 - Jackson Pollock dies in car crash East Hampton, NY

1960 - Chad declares independence

1965 - Race riots (the Watts riots) begin in Watts area of Los Angeles, California

1966 - John Lennon holds a press conference in Chicago apologizing for stating that the Beatles were "more popular than Jesus".

1968 - The last steam passenger train service ran in Britain. A British Rail steam locomotive made the 314-mile journey from Liverpool to Carlisle and returned to Liverpool before being dispatched to the Wrecking yard.

1970 - A trademark application by the Van Brode Milling Company for the word Spork was published by the USPTO.

1972 - Last United States ground combat unit departs South Vietnam

1981 - The IBM PC, an early personal computer, is introduced

1984 - United States President Ronald Reagan, during a voice check for a radio broadcast remarks "My fellow Americans, I'm pleased to tell you today that I've signed legislation that will outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in five minutes".


1987 - Alan Greenspan becomes Chairman of the United States Federal Reserve.

1995 - Russell Hill subway accident kills three people in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

1999 - A total solar eclipse visible from Europe and Asia.

2003 - NATO takes over command of the peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, marking its first major operation outside Europe in its 54-year-history.

2003 - Jemaah Islamiyah leader Riduan Isamuddin, better known as Hambali, is arrested in Bangkok, Thailand.

2003 - A big heat wave in Paris had temperatures up to 112°F (44° C), with about 144 people dead.

2005 - Murderer Mitchell Johnson is released from prison on his 21st birthday.

2006 - The last software patent will expire on the GIF format.


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