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1002 - English king Ethelred ordered killing of all Danes in England, known today as the St. Brice's Day massacre.

1775 - American Revolutionary War: Patriot revolutionary forces under Col. Ethan Allen attack Montreal defended by British General Guy Carleton. Allen and his troops were disorganised and soundly defeated; however, U.S. Brigadier General Richard Montgomery's force entered Montreal unopposed.

1841 - James Braid first sees a demonstration of animal magnetism, which leads to his study of the subject he eventually calls hypnosis.

1851 - The Denny Party lands at Alki Point, the first settlers of what will become Seattle, Washington.

1887 - Bloody Sunday clashes in central London

1908 - Andrew Fisher becomes the 5th Prime Minister of Australia.

1909 - Ballinger-Pinchot scandal begins: Collier's magazine accuses U.S. Secretary of the Interior Richard Ballinger of questionable dealings in Alaskan coal fields.

1916 - Prime Minister of Australia William Morris Hughes is expelled from the Labor Party over his support for conscription.

1941 - World War II: The aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal is torpedoed by U 81, she sinks on November 14.

1942 - World War II: Naval Battle of Guadalcanal - U.S. and Japanese ships engage in an intense, close-quarters surface naval engagement during the Battle of Guadalcanal

1950 - General Carlos Delgado Chalbaud is assassinated in Caracas.

1954 - Great Britain defeated France to capture the first ever Rugby League World Cup in Paris in front of around 30,000 spectators.

1956 - United States Supreme Court declared Alabama and Montgomery laws requiring segregated buses illegal; this ended the Montgomery Bus Boycott.


1960 - Sammy Davis, Jr. marries Swedish actress May Britt. Interracial marriage was still illegal in 31 US states out of 50.

1961 - Vladimir Yefimovich Semichastny succeeds Aleksandr Nikolayevich Shelepin as head of the KGB.

1965 - The SS Yarmouth Castle burns and sinks 60 miles off Nassau with the loss of 90 lives.

1969 - Vietnam War: Anti-war protesters in Washington, DC stage a symbolic "March Against Death."

1970 - Bhola cyclone: A 150-mph tropical cyclone hits the densely populated Ganges Delta region of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), killing an estimated 500,000 people in one night (this is regarded as the 20th century's worst natural disaster).

1971 - The American space probe, Mariner 9, has become the first spacecraft to orbit another planet, swinging into its planned trajectory around Mars without a hitch.

1974 - Nuclear activist Karen Silkwood is killed in a car crash while she is travelling to an interview with New York Times reporter David Burnham. Her files are missing from the carwreck; an FBI investigation later concludes accident, but is not generally believed to have been impartial.

1974 - Ronald DeFeo, Jr. murders his family in Amityville, New York (Amityville Horror)

1982 - A boxing match held in Las Vegas, Nevada ends when Ray Mancini defeats Kim Duk Koo. Kim's death on November 17 led to significant changes in the sport.

1982 - The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington D.C. after a march to its site by thousands of Vietnam War veterans.

1985 - The volcano Nevado del Ruiz erupts and melts a glacier, causing a lahar (volcanic mudslide) that buries Armero, Colombia, killing approximately 23,000 people.

1985 - Xavier Suarez is sworn in as Miami's first Cuban-born mayor.

1990 - The first known World Wide Web page is written.


1994 - Voters in Sweden decide to join the European Union in a referendum.

2001 - Doha Round: The World Trade Organization ends a four-day ministerial conference in Doha, Qatar.

2001 - War on Terrorism: In the first such act since World War II, US President George W. Bush signs an executive order allowing military tribunals against any foreigners suspected of having connections to terrorist acts or planned acts on the United States.

2002 - Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq agrees to the terms of the UN Security Council Resolution 1441.

2002 - The oil tanker Prestige sinks off the Galician coast and causes a huge oil spill.

2005 - Chicago Bears cornerback Nathan Vasher returned a missed field goal 108 yards against the San Francisco 49ers. This was the longest play in NFL history.


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