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483 - St. Felix becomes Pope.

874 - The bones of Saint Nicephorus are interred in the Church of the Apostles, Constantinople.

1138 - Cardinal Gregory is elected anti-pope as Victor IV, succeeding Anacletus II.

1639 - Harvard College was named for clergyman John Harvard.

1781 - William Herschel discovers the planet Uranus.

1846 - Ballinglass Incident: eviction of 300 tenants at the village of Ballinglass in Ireland during the Irish Potato famine.

1862 - American Civil War: The U.S. federal government forbids all Union army officers from returning fugitive slaves, thus effectively annulling the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 and setting the stage for the Emancipation Proclamation.

1865 - American Civil War: The Confederate States of America reluctantly agrees to the use of African American troops.

1881 - Alexander II of Russia is killed near his palace when a bomb is thrown at him. (Gregorian date: it was March 1 in the Julian calendar then in use in Russia.)

1884 - The siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins (ends on January 26, 1885).

1897 - San Diego State University founded.

1900 - Boer Wars: British forces occupy Bloemfontein, Orange Free State.

1900 - In France, length of a workday for women and children is limited to 11 hours by law


1921 - Mongolia, under Black Baron, declares its independence from China.

1925 - Scopes Trial: A law in Tennessee prohibits the teaching of evolution.

1930 - The news of the discovery of Pluto was telegraphed to the Harvard College Observatory.

1933 - Great Depression: Banks in the United States begin to re-open after the Presidentially mandated "bank holiday".

1940 - Winter War ended.

1943 - World War II: In Bougainville, Japanese troops end their assault on American forces at Hill 700.

1943 - Holocaust: German forces liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Kraków.

1954 - Battle of ?i?n Biên Ph?: Viet Minh forces attack the French.

1957 - The FBI arrests Jimmy Hoffa and charges him with bribery.

1964 - A young woman, Kitty Genovese is murdered in front of multiple witnesses who all fail to help her, in an incident which shocks the world and prompts investigation into the Bystander effect.

1969 - Apollo program: Apollo 9 returns safely to Earth after testing the Lunar Module.

1971 - In New York City, Rock group The Allman Brothers Band record a concert that will be released as their classic live album At Fillmore East

1979 - The New Jewel Movement, headed by Maurice Bishop, ousts Prime Minister Eric Gairy in a nearly bloodless coup d'etat in Grenada.


1986 - Microsoft has its Initial public offering.

1988 - I. King Jordan becomes the first Deaf president of Gallaudet University after the Deaf President Now demonstrations.

1991 - The United States Justice Department announces that Exxon has agreed to pay $1 billion for the clean-up of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska.

1992 - In eastern Turkey, an earthquake registering 6.8 on the Richter scale kills over 500.

1993 - The Great Blizzard of 1993 strikes the eastern U.S., bringing record snowfall and other severe weather all the way from Cuba to Québec.

1996 - The Dunblane Massacre: in Dunblane, Scotland, 16 children and 1 adult teacher are shot dead by a spree killer who then commits suicide.

1997 - India's Missionaries of Charity chooses Sister Nirmala to succeed Mother Teresa as its leader.

1997 - In Phoenix, Arizona, the Phoenix Lights, one of the most widely witnessed UFO sightings, take place.

2003 - Human evolution: The journal Nature reports that 350,000-year-old upright-walking human footprints have been found in Italy.

2006 - Earthquake struck Salta, Argentina


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