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1264 - Battle of Lewes: Henry III of England is captured in France making Simon de Montfort the de facto ruler of England.

1483 - Coronation of Charles VIII of France ("Charles l'Affable").

1509 - Battle of Agnadello: In northern Italy, French forces defeat the Venetians.

1607 - Jamestown, Virginia is settled as an English colony.

1608 - Protestant Union founded in Auhausen.

1643 - Four-year-old Louis XIV becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Louis XIII.

1747 - A British fleet under Admiral George Anson defeats the French at first battle of Cape Finisterre.

1787 - In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, delegates begin to meet to write a new Constitution for the United States.

1796 - Edward Jenner administers the first smallpox vaccination.

1804 - The Lewis and Clark Expedition departs from Camp Dubois and begin their historic journey by traveling up the Missouri River.

1811 - Paraguay gains independence from Spain.

1861 - The Canellas meteorite, an 859-gram chondrite-type meteorite strikes the earth near Barcelona, Spain.

1863 - American Civil War: Battle of Jackson (MS).


1870 - The first game of rugby in New Zealand is played in Nelson between Nelson College and the Nelson Rugby Football Club.

1889 - The children's charity the NSPCC is launched in London.

1900 - The 1900 Summer Olympics open in Paris.

1913 - New York Governor William Sulzer approves the charter for the Rockefeller Foundation, which begins operations with a $100 million donation from John D. Rockefeller.

1927 - Cap Arcona is launched at the Blohm + Voss shipyard in Hamburg.

1929 - Wilfred Rhodes takes his 4000th first-class wicket during a performance of 9 for 39 at Leyton.

1931 - ÿdalen shootings, five people are killed in ÿdalen, Sweden, as soldiers open fire on an unarmed trade union manifestation.

1935 - The Filipinos ratify an independence agreement.

1935 - Northamptonshire Cricket Club gains (over Somerset at Taunton by 48 runs) what proved to be their last victory for 99 matches, easily a record in the County Championship. Their next Championship win was not until 29 May, 1939.

1939 - Lina Medina becomes the world's youngest confirmed mother in medical history at the age of five.

1940 - World War II: Rotterdam is bombed by the German Luftwaffe.

1940 - World War II: The Netherlands surrender to Germany. \

1943 - Sinking of the Australian Hospital Ship Centaur off the coast of Queensland, by a Japanese submarine.


1948 - Israel declared to be an independent state and a provisional government is established. Immediately after the declaration, Israel was attacked by the neighboring Arab state.

1955 - Cold War: Eight communist bloc countries, including the Soviet Union, sign a mutual defence treaty called the Warsaw Pact.

1961 - American civil rights movement: Freedom Riders bus is fire-bombed near Anniston, Alabama, and the civil rights protestors are beaten by an angry mob.

1970 - The Red Army Faction is established in Germany.

1973 - Skylab, the United States' first space station, is launched. It is the last launch of the Saturn V rocket.

1977 - In Milan, Italy, during a demonstration of the far-left, some hooded extremist shoot at the police, killing a policeman, Antonino Custrà . The scene is photographed and the picture of the hooded man shooting in the middle of the street will appear in many magazines around the world.

1978 - First round of the presidential elections in Upper Volta.

1981 - Concert in Caracas of El Trabuco Venezolano and Irakere (First day).

1986 - Formula One Italian driver Elio De Angelis has a terrible crash with his Brabham at the Paul Ricard circuit in France during a test session. He will die the day later at the Marseille hospital.

1988 - Carrollton bus disaster - A drunk driver going the wrong way on a Kentucky highway hits a bus carrying a church youth group, causing the deaths of 27 people in the resulting fire.

1995 - Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama, proclaims six-year-old Gedhun Choekyi Nyima as the eleventh reincarnation of the Panchen Lama.

1998 - The finale of Seinfeld airs on NBC, with 76 million viewers tuning in to watch Jerry Seinfeld, George Costanza, Elaine Benes, and Cosmo Kramer stand trial in the fictional Lathem, Massachusetts for breaking the Good Samaritan Law.

2002 - Ten members of the Darwin-based Network Against Prohibition invade the Legislative Assembly of the Northern Territory of Australia.

2004 - The Constitutional Court of South Korea overturns the impeachment of President Roh Moo-hyun.

2004 - The marriage of Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark and Mary Donaldson takes place in Copenhagen.

2005 - Pope Benedict XVI observes his first beatification, elevating Blessed Marianne of Molokai on the road to canonization into sainthood.

2005 - Will Ferrell returns to host Saturday Night Live.

2006 - Massachusetts and New Hampshire (U.S.) declared a state of emergency on May 14, 2006 as a result of massive flooding from the strongest rains to hit the region in a decade

2006 - The last episode of Malcolm In The Middle is aired on Fox.


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