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786 - Harun al-Rashid becomes the Abbasid caliph upon the death of his brother al-Hadi.

1752 - The British Empire adopts the Gregorian calendar, skipping eleven days (the previous day was September 2).

1812 - French grenadiers enter Moscow.

1814 - Francis Scott Key writes The Star-Spangled Banner.

1829 - Ottoman Empire signs the Treaty of Adrianople with Russia.

1847 - Mexican-American War: Winfield Scott captures Mexico City.

1886 - Typewriter ribbon patented.

1901 - President of the United States William McKinley dies after an assassination attempt on September 6, and is succeeded by Theodore Roosevelt.

1910 - Huo Yuanjia defeated all four of his challengers, one from France, Britain, Russia, and Japan, which boosted Chinese nationalism pride even more.

1917 - Republican government declared in Russia.

1923 - Miguel Primo de Rivera becomes dictator of Spain.

1944 - United States Marines land on the island of Peleliu.

1948 - Groundbreaking for the United Nations headquarters in New York City.


1958 - Two rockets designed by the German engineer Ernst Mohr, the first German post-war rockets, reach the upper atmosphere.

1959 - The Soviet probe Luna 2 crashes onto the Moon, becoming the first man-made object to reach it.

1960 - The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is founded.

1964 - The opening of the third period of the Second Vatican Council.

1965 - The opening of the fourth and final period of Second Vatican Council.

1969 - On December 1, 1969 September 14th is drawn as the first birthdate in the U.S. draft during the Vietnam War.

1975 - The first American saint, Elizabeth Ann Seton, is canonized by Pope Paul VI.

1984 - Joe Kittinger becomes the first person to fly a hot air balloon alone across the Atlantic Ocean.

1987 - ITV Schools was brodcast on Channel 4 for the very first time.

1994 - The Major League Baseball season is canceled due to strike.

1998 - Telecommunications companies MCI Communications and WorldCom complete their $37 billion merger to form MCI WorldCom.

1999 - Kiribati, Nauru and Tonga join the United Nations.

2001 - Historic National Prayer Service held at Washington National Cathedral for victims of the September 11 attacks. While the rest of the world sees the service at the National Cathedral, Canada sees the similar service on Parliament Hill, the largest single vigil ever in the nation's capital. The successor to the Nintendo 64; the Nintendo Gamecube was released in Japan.


2003 - In a referendum Sweden rejects adopting the euro.

2003 - Estonia approves joining the European Union in a referendum.


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