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1400 - Owain Glynd?r declared Prince of Wales by his followers.

1597 - Yi Sun-sin leads 12 ships of the Korean fleet against an invasion by 133 Japanese ships. The Koreans sink 31 enemy ships and force a Japanese retreat.

1701 - Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, more commonly referred to as the "Old Pretender", becomes the Jacobite claimant of the thrones of Scotland and England

1776 - American Revolutionary War: the Battle of Harlem Heights is fought.

1795 - United Kingdom conquers Cape Town, South Africa

1810 - With the Grito de Dolores, Father Miguel Hidalgo proclaims Mexico's independence from Spain

1812 - Russians set fire to Moscow shortly after midnight - the city is burned down totally days later

1829 - The Russo-Turkish War, 1828-1829, ends with the signing of the Treaty of Adrianople (Edirne)

1893 - Settlers race in Oklahoma for prime land in the Cherokee Strip.

1901 - Alturas, California, incorporated as the only city in Modoc County

1908 - General Motors is founded.

1919 - The American Legion is incorporated.

1920 - The Wall Street bombing: a bomb in a horse wagon explodes in front of the J.P.Morgan building in New York City - 33 are killed with 400 injured.


1940 - The Selective Service Act is passed, instituting the draft in the United States.

1940 - Sam Rayburn elected Speaker of the United States House of Representatives.

1941 - Concerned that Reza Pahlavi the Shah of Persia was about to align his petroleum-rich country with Germany during World War II, the United Kingdom and the USSR occupy Iran and forced him to resign in favor of his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.

1955 - Juan Perón is deposed in Argentina

1956 - Play-Doh is introduced to the world

1963 - Malaysia is formed from Malaya, Singapore, British North Borneo(Sabah) and Sarawak

1966 - The Metropolitan Opera House opens at Lincoln Center in New York City to the world premiere of Samuel Barber's opera, Antony and Cleopatra.

1970 - King Hussein of Jordan declares military rule, resulting in formation of the Black September Palestinian paramilitary unit.

1975 - Papua New Guinea gains its independence from Australia.

1981 - Sugar Ray Leonard defeats Thomas Hearns by a knockout in round 14 in Las Vegas to unify boxing's world Welterweight championship.

1982 - Sabra and Shatila massacre in Lebanon.

1984 - Miami Vice first airs on NBC.

1987 - The Montreal Protocol is signed to protect the ozone layer from depletion.


1991 - The trial of Panamanian "strongman" Manuel Noriega begins in the United States.

1992 - Black Wednesday: the Pound Sterling is forced out of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism by currency speculators and is forced to devalue against the Deutschmark.

1997 - National Stepfamily Day chosen in recognition of founder Christy Borgeld which is held every year on September 16-the day of the birth of her first child. more details

2000 - Ukrainian journalist Georgiy Gongadze is last seen alive.

2004 - Hurricane Ivan touches land near Gulf Shores, Alabama, becoming the third costliest hurricane to strike the United States.


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