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986 - Louis V becomes King of the Franks.

1127 - Assassination of Charles the Good, Count of Flanders.

1717 - The Loves of Mars and Venus becomes the first ballet performed in England.

1791 - Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris.

1807 - The U.S. Congress passes an act to "prohibit the importation of slaves into any port or place within the jurisdiction of the United States ... from any foreign kingdom, place, or country."

1836 - Texas Revolution: Declaration of independence of the Republic of Texas from Mexico.

1855 - Alexander II becomes Tsar of Russia.

1861 - Nevada Territory and Dakota Territory are organized as political divisions of the United States.

1861 - Emancipation reform of 1861 in Russia: Tsar Alexander II signed the emancipation reform into law, abolishing Russian serfdom.

1865 - Second Taranaki War: The Volkner Incident in New Zealand.

1877 - U.S. presidential election, 1876: The U.S. Congress declares Rutherford B. Hayes the winner of the election even though Samuel J. Tilden had won the popular vote on November 7, 1876 (Reconstruction ends).

1888 - The Convention of Constantinople is signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace.

1896 - Ethiopia defeats Italy in the Battle of Adwa, marking the first victory of an African nation over a colonial power.


1899 - In Washington State, USA, Mount Rainier National Park is established.

1901 - The U.S. Congress passes the Platt amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops.

1903 - In New York City the Martha Washington Hotel opens, becoming the first hotel exclusively for women.

1917 - The enactment of the Jones-Shafroth Act grants Puerto Ricans, United States citizenship.

1917 - (Old Style) - Nicholas II of Russia abdicates the throne in favor of his brother Michael II of Russia.

1919 - The first Communist International meets in Moscow.

1933 - King Kong premieres in New York City.

1939 - Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli is elected Pope and takes the name Pius XII.

1943 - World War II: Battle of the Bismarck Sea - United States and Australian forces sink Japanese convoy ships.

1946 - Ho Chi Minh is elected the President of North Vietnam.

1949 - Captain James Gallagher lands his B-50 Superfortress Lucky Lady II in Fort Worth, Texas after completing the first non-stop around-the-world airplane flight in 94 hours and one minute.

1955 - King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia abdicates the throne in favor of his father, King Norodom Suramarit.

1956 - Morocco declares its independence from France.


1959 - Miles Davis holds the first recording session for Kind of Blue at Columbia 30th Street Studio in New York, NY.

1962 - In Hershey, Pennsylvania, Wilt Chamberlain of the Philadelphia Warriors scores 100 points against the New York Knicks, breaking several National Basketball Association records.

1962 - In Burma, the army led by General Ne Win seizes power in a coup.

1963 - Release of Please Please Me in the United Kingdom, the first LP from The Beatles.

1969 - In Toulouse, France the first test flight of the Concorde is conducted.

1969 - Soviet and Chinese forces clash at a border outpost on the Ussuri River.

1970 - Rhodesia declares itself a republic, breaking its last links with the British crown.

1972 - The Pioneer 10 spaceprobe is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida with a mission to explore the outer planets.

1978 - Czech Vladimír Remek becomes the first non-Russian or non-American to go into space, when he is launched aboard Soyuz 28.

1987 - Chrysler acquires American Motors.

1989 - Twelve European Community nations agree to ban the production of all chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) by the end of the century.

1990 - Nelson Mandela elected deputy President of the African National Congress.

1991 - Battle at Rumaila Oil Field brings end to the 1991 Gulf War.

1992 - Uzbekistan joins the UN.

1992 - Moldova joins the UN.

1995 - Nick Leeson is arrested for his role in the collapse of Barings Bank.

1995 - Yahoo! is incorporated, establishing the Internet Portal as a model.

1996 - John Howard is appointed as Prime Minister of Australia.

1998 - Data sent from the Galileo spaceprobe indicates that Jupiter's moon Europa has a liquid ocean under a thick crust of ice.

2002 - U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins, (ending on March 19 after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters, with 11 allied troop fatalities).

2003 - The first International Symposium on Taiwan Sign Language Linguistics is held at Chung Cheng University.

2004 - Voters in the U.S. state of Georgia vote on a referendum concerning its Confederacy-derived flag.

2004 - War in Iraq: Al Qaeda carries out the Ashoura Massacre in Iraq, killing 170 and wounding over 500.

2004 - War in Iraq: A United Nations report from the weapons inspection teams states that Iraq had no weapons of mass destruction of any significance after 1994, despite President George W. Bush's objection to the contrary before the invasion.

2006 - Sir Menzies Campbell is elected the new leader of the UK Liberal Democrat Party.

2006 - The newest version of the United States ten-dollar bill enters circulation.


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