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44 BC - Julius Caesar's funeral.

1602 - The Dutch East India Company is established.

1739 - Nadir Shah occupies Delhi in India and sacks the city, stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne.

1760 - The "Great Fire" of Boston destroys 349 buildings.

1815 - Napoleon enters Paris after escaping from Elba with a regular army of 140,000 and a volunteer force of around 200,000, beginning his "Hundred Days" rule.

1848 - Revolutions of 1848 in the German states: King Ludwig I of Bavaria abdicates.

1852 - Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin is published.

1856 - Costa Rican troops rout Walker's soldiers.

1861 - An earthquake completely destroys Mendoza, a city on western Argentina.

1883 - Signature of Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property.

1899 - At Sing Sing prison, Martha M. Place becomes the first woman executed in an electric chair.

1904 - Aleister Crowley invokes Horus in Egypt and declares the start of the New Aeon known as the Aeon Of The Crowned And Conquering Child.

1913 - Sung Chiao-jen, a founder of the Chinese Nationalist Party (Kuomintang) (KMT), is wounded in an assassination attempt and dies 2 days later.


1914 - In New Haven, Connecticut, the first international figure skating championship takes place.

1916 - Albert Einstein publishes his theory of relativity.

1922 - The USS Langley is commissioned as the first United States Navy aircraft carrier.

1933 - Giuseppe Zangara is executed in Florida's electric chair for fatally shooting Anton Cermak in an assassination attempt against Franklin Delano Roosevelt.

1942 - In Zgierz, Poland, 100 Poles are taken from a labor camp and shot by the Germans.

1942 - General Douglas MacArthur, at Terowie, South Australia, makes his famous speech regarding the fall of the Philippines, in which he says: "I came out of Bataan and I shall return".

1948 - With a Musicians Union ban lifted, the first telecasts of classical music in the United States, under Eugene Ormandy and Arturo Toscanini, are given on CBS and NBC.

1952 - The United States Senate ratifies a peace treaty with Japan.

1956 - Tunisia gains independence from France.

1964 - The precursor of the European Space Agency, ESRO (European Space Research Organization) is established per an agreement signed on June 14, 1962.

1965 - In Naples, Italy, France Gall wins the tenth Eurovision Song Contest for Luxembourg singing "Poupée de cire, poupée de son" (Wax doll, talking doll).

1969 - In Gibraltar, John Lennon and Yoko Ono get married.

1974 - A failed kidnap attempt is made on Her Royal Highness Princess Anne and her husband Captain Mark Phillips in The Mall, outside Buckingham Palace, London.


1985 - Libby Riddles becomes the first woman to win the 1,135-mile Iditarod dog sled race.

1986 - Jacques Chirac becomes Prime Minister of France.

1987 - The Food and Drug Administration approves anti-AIDS drug AZT.

1990 - Ferdinand Marcos's widow, Imelda Marcos, goes on trial for bribery, embezzlement, and racketeering.

1993 - A Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb explodes in Warrington, northwest England, killing two children.

1995 - Sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway killing 12 and wounding 1300 persons.

2000 - Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin, a former Black Panther once known as H. Rap Brown, is captured after a gun battle that leaves a Georgia sheriff's deputy dead.

2003 - 2003 invasion of Iraq: In the early hours of the morning, the United States and three other countries begin military operations in Iraq.

2004 - Stephen Harper wins the leadership of the newly created Conservative Party of Canada, thus becoming the first leader in the party's history.

2005 - A magnitude 6.6 earthquake hits Fukuoka, Japan, its first major quake in over 100 years. One person is killed, hundreds are injured and evacuated.

2006 - Cyclone Larry makes landfall in eastern Australia.

2006 - Over 150 Chadian soldiers are killed in eastern Chad by members of the rebel UFDC. The growing rebel movement seeks to overthrow Chadian president Idriss Deby.


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