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451- According to some sources, this was the date of the Battle of Chalons: Flavius Aetius' victory over Attila the Hun.

1187 - Saladin begins the Siege of Jerusalem.

1377 - Cardinal Robert of Geneva, called by some the Butcher of Cesena, is elected as Avignon Pope Clement VII, beginning the Papal schism.

1519 - Ferdinand Magellan - set sail from Sanlúcar de Barrameda with about 270 men on his expedition to circumnavigate the globe.

1596 - Diego de Montemayor founded the city of Monterrey in New Spain.

1737 - Runner Edward Marshall completes his journey in the Walking Purchase forcing the cession of 1.2 million acres (4,860 km²) of Lenape-Delaware tribal land to the Pennsylvania Colony.

1854 - Battle of Alma: British and French troops defeat Russians in the Crimea.

1860 - The Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII of the United Kingdom) visits the United States.

1863 - American Civil War: The Battle of Chickamauga ends.

1870 - Bersaglieri corps enters Rome through Porta Pia and completes the unification of Italy

1881 - Chester A. Arthur is inaugurated as the 21st President of the United States.

1891 - The first gasoline-powered car debuts in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States.

1906 - Cunard Line's RMS Mauretania is launched at the Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson shipyard in Newcastle, England.


1917 - Paraguay becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.

1920 - Foundation of the Spanish Legion

1939 - A German Messerschmitt Bf 109 is shot down by Fairey Battle gunner Sgt. F. Letchard during a patrol near Aachen. This was the RAF's first aerial victory of the Second World War.

1940 - Genevieve Grotjan completed the decryption of the Japanese Purple code

1946 - The first Cannes Film Festival is held.

1954 - The first program compiled from FORTRAN runs.

1954 - New Zealand's Special Committee on Moral Delinquency in Children and Adolescents reports just ten days after concluding hearings.

1962 - James Meredith, an African-American, is barred from entering the University of Mississippi.

1967 - The Queen Elizabeth 2 sets sail. It it is operated by the Cunard Cruise Line

1973 - Billie Jean King beats Bobby Riggs in battle-of-sexes tennis match. On this same day, singer Jim Croce is killed in a plane crash.

1979 - Lee Iacocca is elected president of the Chrysler Corporation.

1979 - A coup d'état in the Central African Empire overthrows Emperor Bokasa I

1979 - The Punjab wing of the Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist-Leninist) formally splits and constitutes a parallel UCCRI(ML).


1979 - Assassination of French left-wing militant Pierre Goldman.

1981 - A coup d'état in the Central African Republic overthrows President David Dacko.

1984 - A suicide bomber in a car attacks the U.S. embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, killing twelve people

1989 - Miss Saigon makes its world premeire in London

1998 - Baseball: After playing 2,632 consecutive games for the Baltimore Orioles, Cal Ripken, Jr takes a day off.

2000 - Last performance of the musical Cats (musical) on Broadway.

2001 - George W. Bush delivers his "Freedom at War with Fear" speech to a joint session of Congress.

2002 - Kolka-Karmadon rock/ice slide started.

2003 - A referendum is held in Latvia to decide the country's accession to the European Union

2003 - 2003 Maldives civil unrest: the death of prisoner Hassan Evan Naseem sparks a day of rioting in Malé.


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