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565 - Eutychius is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople by John Scholasticus.

1506 - The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrived at the Vatican.

1521 - Emperor Charles V opens the Diet of Worms.

1771 - Spain cedes Port Egmont in the Falkland Islands to England.

1824 - Ashantis crush British forces in the Gold Coast.

1840 - British colonists reach New Zealand.

1863 - The January Uprising breaks out in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. The aim of the national movement is to regain Polish-Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth from occupation of Russia.

1877 - Arthur Tooth, an Anglican clergyman is taken into custody after being prosecuted for using ritualist practices

1879 - Anglo-Zulu War: Zulu troops defeat British troops at the Battle of Isandlwana.

1889 - Columbia Phonograph is formed in Washington, DC.

1899 - Leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss confederation.

1901 - Edward VII becomes King after his mother, Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, dies.

1905 - Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution.


1906 - S.S. Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Over 130 passengers die trying to get ashore or drowning on the ship. It's Canada's worst maritime tragedy up to that time.

1917 - World War I: President Woodrow Wilson calls for "peace without victory" in Europe.

1924 - Ramsay MacDonald becomes the first Labour Prime Minister.

1931 - Sir Isaac Isaacs sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia.

1941 - World War II: The United Kingdom captures Tobruk from Nazi forces.

1944 - World War II: Allies begin Operation Shingle (an assault on Anzio, Italy).

1946 - Iran: Qazi Muhammad declares the independent people's Republic of Mahabad at the Chuwarchira Square in the kurdish city of Mahabad. He is the new president, Hadschi Baba Scheich is the prime minister.

1947 - KTLA, the first commercial television station west of the Mississippi River, begins operation in Hollywood, California.

1947 - Paul Ramadier becomes Prime Minister of France.

1952 - The first commercial jet plane, the BOAC's Comet, is put into service.

1957 - Israel withdraws from the Sinai Peninsula.

1957 - The New York City "Mad Bomber," George P. Metesky, is arrested in Waterbury, Connecticut and is charged with planting more than 30 bombs.

1962 - The Organization of American States (OAS) suspends Cuba's membership.


1963 - Elysée treaty of cooperation between France and Germany is signed by Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer.

1964 - Mumbai's lowest-ever temperature recorded (7.4°C).

1967 - Simon & Garfunkel perform live at Philharmonic Hall in the Lincoln Center, New York City. The recording is not released until July 16, 2002.

1968 - The TV sketch comedy Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In debuts on NBC.

1973 - The Supreme Court of the United States delivers its decision in Roe v. Wade striking down state laws restricting abortion during the first six months of pregnancy.

1973 - A chartered Boeing 707 exploded in flames upon landing at Kano Airport, Nigeria killing 176.

1973 - George Foreman breaks Joe Frazier's professional career undefeated heavyweight world boxing champion status.

1980 - Andrei Sakharov is arrested in Moscow.

1983 - Björn Borg retires from tennis after winning five consecutive Wimbledon championships.

1984 - The Apple Macintosh, the first consumer computer to popularize the computer mouse and the graphical user interface, is introduced during Super Bowl XVIII with its famous "1984" television commercial.

1987 - Pennsylvania politician R. Budd Dwyer commits suicide on national television.

1990 - Robert Tappan Morris, Jr. is convicted of releasing the 1988 Internet worm.

1992 - Rebel forces occupy Zaire's national radio station in Kinshasa and broadcast a demand for the government's resignation.

1992 - STS-42: Dr. Roberta Bondar becomes the first Canadian woman in space.

1995 - Israeli-Palestinian conflict: In central Israel, two suicide bombers from the Gaza Strip blow themselves-up at a military transit point killing 19 Israelis.

1997 - Madeleine Albright becomes the first female secretary of state after confirmation by the United States Senate.

2002 - AOL Time Warner brings a federal suit against Microsoft alleging that the market for AOL's Netscape Navigator Internet browser was harmed when Microsoft started to give away a competing browser.

2002 - Kmart Corp becomes the largest retailer in American history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.

2003 - The Netherlands vote for a new parliament after the previous had only been into power for 86 days.

2003 - Last successful contact with the spacecraft Pioneer 10, one of the most distant man-made objects.

2003 - World premiere of Chappelle's Show on Comedy Central.

2006 - Aníbal Cavaco Silva is elected president of Portugal.

2006 - Evo Morales is inaugurated as President of Bolivia, becoming the country's first indigenous American president.

2006 - NBA superstar Kobe Bryant scored 81 points against Toronto Raptors, the second highest total in NBA history.


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