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498 - After the death of Anastasius II, Symmachus is elected pope in the Lateran Palace, while Laurentius is elected pope in Santa Maria Maggiore.

1718 - Off the coast of North Carolina, British pirate Edward Teach (best known as "Blackbeard") is killed in battle with a boarding party led by Lieutenant Robert Maynard.

1830 - Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

1864 - American Civil War: Sherman's March to the Sea: Confederate General John Bell Hood invades Tennessee in an unsuccessful attempt to draw Union General William T. Sherman from Georgia.

1880 - Vaudeville actress Lillian Ruell makes her debut at Tony Pastor's Theatre in New York City.

1917 - In Montreal, Canada, the National Hockey Association breaks up (on November 26 it was replaced with the National Hockey League).

1922 - Egyptology: Howard Carter, assisted by Lord Carnarvon, opens the tomb of Tutankhamun.

1935 - The China Clipper takes off from Alameda, California in an attempt to deliver the first airmail cargo across the Pacific Ocean (the airplane later reached its destination, Manila, and delivered over 110,000 pieces of mail).

1940 - World War II: Following the Italian invasion, Greek troops advance into Albanian soil and liberate Korytsa.

1942 - World War II: Battle of Stalingrad - General Friedrich von Paulus sends Adolf Hitler a telegram saying that the German 6th army is surrounded.

1943 - World War II: War in the Pacific - U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Chinese leader Chiang Kai-Shek meet in Cairo, Egypt, to discuss ways to defeat Japan (see Cairo Conference)

1943 - Lebanese Independence Day. Lebanon gains independence from France.

1963-John F. Kennedy assassination: In Dallas, Texas, US President John F. Kennedy is assassinated and Texas Governor John B. Connally is seriously wounded. Later the same day, US Vice-President Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn in as the 36th President of the United States.


1967 - UN Security Council Resolution 242 is adopted by the UN Security Council, establishing a set of the principles aimed at guiding negotiations for an Arab-Israeli peace settlement.

1968 - The Beatles release the double-album The Beatles, commonly known as The White Album.

1972 - Vietnam War: The United States loses its first B-52 Stratofortress of the war.

1974 - The United Nations General Assembly grants the Palestine Liberation Organization observer status.

1975 - Juan Carlos is declared King of Spain following the death of Francisco Franco.

1977 - British Airways inaugurates a regular London to New York City supersonic Concorde service.

1986 - Boxing: Mike Tyson knocks out Trevor Berbick in the second round, becoming the youngest world heavyweight champion at the age of 20 years and 4 months.

1988 - In Palmdale, California, the first prototype B-2 Spirit stealth bomber is revealed.

1989 - In West Beirut, a bomb explodes near the motorcade of Lebanese President Rene Moawad, killing him.

1990 - Margaret Thatcher resigns as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

1999 - Wayne Gretzky is inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame, his number 99 permanently retired by the NHL.

2002 - In Nigeria, more than 100 people are killed at an attack aimed at the contestants of the Miss World contest.

2003 - In Tbilisi, Georgia, opponents of President Eduard Shevardnadze seize the parliament building and demand the president's resignation.


2003 - The Heritage Classic, the first outdoor hockey game in the history of the NHL, is played in Edmonton, Alberta

2003 - England defeat Australia to win England's first Rugby World Cup.

2004 - The Orange Revolution begins in Ukraine, resulting from the presidential elections.

2005 - The Xbox 360 is released in North America.

2005 - Ted Koppel retires after hosting Nightline for over 26 years.

2005 - Angela Merkel became the first female Chancellor of Germany


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