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238 - Gordian I and his son Gordian II are proclaimed Roman emperors.

1621 - The Pilgrims of Plymouth Colony sign a peace treaty with Massasoit of the Wampanoags.

1622 - Jamestown massacre: Algonquian Indians kill 347 English settlers around Jamestown, Virginia, a third of the colony's population.

1630 - Massachusetts Bay Colony outlaws the possession of cards, dice, and gaming tables.

1638 - Anne Hutchinson is expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony for religious dissent.

1765 - The Parliament of Great Britain passed the Stamp Act, which introduced a tax to be levied directly on its American colonies.

1784 - The Emerald Buddha was moved with great ceremony to its current place in Wat Phra Kaew, Thailand.

1809 - Charles XIII succeeds Gustav IV Adolf to the Swedish throne.

1849 - The Austrians defeat the Piedmontese at the Battle of Novara.

1871 - In North Carolina, William Woods Holden becomes the first governor of a U.S. state to be removed from office by impeachment.

1873 - A law is approved by the Spanish National Assembly in Puerto Rico to abolish slavery.

1888 - The Football League is formed.

1894 - The first playoff game for the Stanley Cup starts.


1895 - First display (a private screening) of motion pictures by Auguste and Louis Lumière.

1933 - President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signs into law a bill legalizing the sale of beer and wine.

1939 - World War II: Germany takes Memel from Lithuania.

1941 - Washington's Grand Coulee Dam begins to generate electricity.

1942 - World War II: In the Mediterranean Sea, Regia Marina defeats Royal Navy in the Second Battle of Sirte.

1943 - World War II: the entire population of Khatyn in Belarus is burnt alive by German occupation forces.

1945 - The Arab League is founded when a charter is adopted in Cairo, Egypt.

1954 - Closed since 1939, the London bullion market reopens.

1958 - Faisal becomes King of Saudi Arabia.

1960 - Arthur Leonard Schawlow & Charles Townes receive the first patent for a laser.

1963 - Please Please Me, the first Beatles album, is released in the UK.

1965 - Bob Dylan "goes electric," releasing his first album featuring electric instruments, Bringing It All Back Home.

1975 - A fire at the Brown's Ferry nuclear reactor in Decatur, Alabama causes dangerous lowering of cooling water levels.


1975 - In Stockholm, Sweden, Teach-In wins the twentieth Eurovision Song Contest for the Netherlands singing "Ding-a-dong."

1978 - Karl Wallenda of the Flying Wallendas dies after falling off a tight-rope between two hotels in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

1979 - Margaret Thatcher puts down an Early Day Motion censuring the government, which leads to the defeat of the Labour government of James Callaghan.

1984 - Teachers at the McMartin preschool in Manhattan Beach, California are charged with Satanic ritual abuse of the children in the school. The charges are later dropped as completely unfounded.

1989 - Fawn Hall, Oliver North's former secretary, begins two days of testimony at North's Iran-Contra trial in Washington.

1993 - The Intel Corporation ships the first Pentium chips (80586), featuring a 60 MHz clock speed, 100+ MIPS, and a 64 bit data path.

1995 - Cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov returns after setting a record for 438 days in space.

1996 - Göran Persson succeeds Ingvar Carlsson as Swedish prime minister.

1997 - Tara Lipinski, age 14 years and 10 months, becomes the youngest champion of the women's world figure skating competition.

1997 - The comet Hale-Bopp has its closest approach to earth.

2006 - ETA, armed Basque separatist group, declares permanent ceasefire.

2006 - Queen of the North runs aground on Gil Island and sinks; 101 on board, 2 presumed deaths.

2006 - Three Christian Peacemaker Teams Hostages are freed by British forces in Baghdad after 118 days captivity and the death of their colleague, American Tom Fox.


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