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66 - Emperor Nero creates the legion I Italica.

1236 - The Lithuanians and Semigallians beat the Livonian Brothers of the Sword in Battle of ?iauliai.

1586 - The battle of Zutphen occurs.

1598 - Ben Jonson is indicted for manslaughter.

1692 - Last people hanged for witchcraft in the United States.

1776 - Nathan Hale is hanged for spying during American Revolution.

1784 - Russia establishes a colony at Kodiak, Alaska.

1789 - The position of United States Postmaster General established.

1792 - primidi Vendémiaire of year I of the French Republican Calendar

1862 - Slavery in the United States: A preliminary version of the Emancipation Proclamation is released.

1866 - Decisive battle of Curupaity in the War of the Triple Alliance.

1869 - Richard Wagner's opera Das Rheingold debuts in Munich.

1885 - Lord Randolph Churchill makes a speech in Ulster in opposition to Home Rule e.g. "Ulster will fight and Ulster will be right".


1893 - The first American-built automobile, built by the Duryea Brothers, is displayed.

1896 - Queen Victoria surpassed her grandfather King George III as the longest reigning monarch in British history.

1908 - The independence of Bulgaria is recognised.

1927 - Jack Dempsey loses the "Long Count" boxing match to Gene Tunney.

1934 - An explosion took place at Gresford Colliery in Wales which led to the death of 266 miners and rescuers.

1937 - Spanish Civil War: Peña Blanca is taken; the end of the Battle of El Mazuco.

1944 - World War II, Red Army entered Tallinn.

1951 - The first live sporting event seen coast-to-coast in the United States, a college football game between Duke and the University of Pittsburgh, is televised on NBC.

1955 - In Britain, the television channel ITV goes live for the first time.

1960 - Mali gains independence from France.

1965 - The war between India and Pakistan over Kashmir ends after the UN calls for a cease-fire.

1970 - Tunku Abdul Rahman resigns as Prime Minister of Malaysia.

1975 - Sara Jane Moore tries to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford, but is foiled by Oliver Sipple.


1979 - The South Atlantic Flash is observed near Bouvet Island, thought to be a nuclear weapons test.

1980 - Iraq invades Iran.

1985 - The Plaza Accord was signed in New York City.

1991 - The Dead Sea Scrolls are made available to the public for the first time, by the Huntington Library.

1993 - A Transair Georgian Airlines Tu-154 is shot down by a missile in Sukhumi, Georgia.

1997 - Bentalha massacre in Algeria; over 200 villagers killed.

2003 - David Hempleman-Adams becomes the first person to cross the Atlantic Ocean in an open-air, wicker-basket hot air balloon.


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