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1537 - The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, is formed.

1580 - Battle of Alcantara. Spain defeats Portugal.

1609 - Galileo Galilei demonstrates his first telescope to Venetian lawmakers.

1718 - New Orleans, Louisiana is founded.

1758 - Seven Years' War: Frederick II of Prussia defeats the Russian army at the Battle of Zorndorf.

1768 - James Cook begins his first voyage.

1814 - Washington, D.C. is burned and White House is destroyed by British forces during the War of 1812

1825 - Uruguay declares its independence from Spain.

1830 - Belgium revolts from the Netherlands

1835 - The New York Sun perpetrates the Great Moon Hoax.

1894 - Shibasaburo Kitasato discovers the infectious agent of the bubonic plague and publishes his findings in The Lancet.

1900 - Friedrich Nietzsche dies.

1910 - Yellow Cab is founded.


1912 - The Kuomintang, the Chinese nationalist party, is founded.

1916 - The United States National Park Service is created.

1920 - Polish-Soviet War: Battle of Warsaw, started on August 13, now ends. The Red Army is defeated.

1942 - World War II: Battle of Milne Bay, Papua New Guinea

1944 - World War II: Paris is liberated by the Allies.

1950 - President Harry Truman orders the US Army to seize control of the nation's railroads to avert a strike.

1967 - American Nazi Party leader George Lincoln Rockwell is assassinated in Arlington, Virginia.

1980 - The Broadway musical 42nd Street opens; the show's director, Gower Champion, had died earlier that day.

1988 - The historical center of Lisbon is destroyed by a fire.

1989 - Tadeusz Mazowiecki chosen as the first non-communist Prime Minister in Central and Eastern Europe.

1989 - Voyager 2 spacecraft flies by Neptune, the last major planet it could visit before leaving the Solar System.

1989 - Mayumi Moriyama becomes Japan's first female cabinet secretary.

1991 - Linus Torvalds first says in a post to the comp.os.minix newsgroup that he is working on a new free computer operating system.


1991 - Belarus declares independence from the Soviet Union

1991 - Michael Schumacher makes his Formula 1 debut in the Belgian Grand Prix

2002 - ESPN signature show SportsCenter has their 25,000 episode

2003 - The Tli Cho land claims agreement is signed between the Dogrib First Nations and the Canadian federal government in Rae-Edzo (now called Behchoko).

2003 - Fifty-two are killed in two Islamic terrorist bomb blasts in Mumbai, India.

2005 - Hurricane Katrina makes landfall on the Miami-Dade/Broward county line, hours after reaching hurricane strength.


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