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46 BC - Julius Caesar dedicates a temple to his mythical ancestor Venus Genetrix in fulfilment of a vow he made at the battle of Pharsalus.

1580 - Sir Francis Drake circumnavigates the globe.

1687 - The Parthenon in Athens is partially destroyed after an explosion caused by the bombing from Venetian forces led by Morosini who were besieging the Ottoman Turks stationed in Athens.

1777 - British troops occupy Philadelphia, Pennsylvania during the American Revolution.

1783 - Fayette County, Pennsylvania created

1789 - Thomas Jefferson is appointed the first United States Secretary of State, John Jay is appointed the first Chief Justice of the United States, Samuel Osgood is appointed the first United States Postmaster General, and Edmund Randolph is appointed the first United States Attorney General.

1810 - A new Act of Succession is adopted by the Riksdag of the Estates and Jean Baptiste Bernadotte becomes heir to the Swedish throne.

1907 - New Zealand and Newfoundland each becomes a dominion of the British Empire.

1914 - The US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is established by the Federal Trade Commission Act.

1918 - World War I: Battle of Meuse.

1934 - Steamship RMS Queen Mary is launched.

1944 - World War II: Operation Market Garden fails.

1950 - United Nations troops recapture Seoul from the North Koreans.


1952 - George Santayana dies.

1954 - Japanese rail ferry Toya Maru sinks during a typhoon in the Tsugaru Strait, Japan killing 1,172.

1957 - Leonard Bernstein's West Side Story opens on Broadway

1960 - In Chicago, Illinois, the first televised debate takes place between presidential candidates Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy.

1961 - Bob Dylan makes his public debut.

1962 - Yemen Arab Republic is proclaimed

1969 - The Chicago Seven trial begins.

1969 - The Beatles album Abbey Road is released in the UK.

1969 - The Brady Bunch debuts on ABC-TV and would run for five years.

1970 - The Laguna Fire starts in San Diego County, California, burning 175,425 acres (710 km²).

1973 - Concorde makes its first non-stop crossing of the Atlantic in record-breaking time.

1981 - Baseball: Nolan Ryan sets a Major League record by throwing his fifth no-hitter.

1983 - Soviet military officer Stanislav Petrov averts a worldwide nuclear war.


1983 - Australia II, the first non-American winner, wins the Americas Cup.

1984 - United Kingdom agrees handover of Hong Kong.

1988 - Ben Johnson is stripped of his gold medal in the 100 m sprint at the Seoul Olympics for failing a drug test.

1997 - A Garuda Indonesia Airbus A-300 crashes near Medan, Indonesia, airport, killing 234

1997 - An earthquake strikes the Italian regions of Umbria and the Marche, causing part of the Basilica of St. Francis at Assisi to collapse.

2000 - Anti-globalization protests in Prague (some 20,000 protesters) turned violent during the IMF and World Bank summits.

2002 - The overcrowded Senegalese ferry Joola capsizes off the coast of Gambia killing more than 1,000.

2002 - Thirty people are killed in a gun attack at a temple in Gandhinagar, India


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