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399 - St. Anastius I becomes Pope.

1095 - Pope Urban II declares the First Crusade at the Council of Clermont.

1295 - Lancashire Day - On this day in 1295 the first elected representatives from Lancashire were called to Westminster by King Edward I to attend what later became known as "The Model Parliament".

1703 - The first Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed in the Great Storm of 1703.

1839 - In Boston, Massachusetts, the American Statistical Association is founded.

1863 - American Civil War: Confederate cavalry leader John Hunt Morgan and several of his men escape the Ohio state prison and return safely to the South.

1868 - Indian Wars: Battle of Washita River - United States Army Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer leads an attack on Cheyenne living on reservation land.

1895 - At the Swedish-Norwegian Club in Paris, Alfred Nobel signs his last will and testament, setting aside his estate to establish the Nobel Prize after he dies.

1901 - U.S. Army War College is established.

1912 - Spain declares a protectorate over the north shore of Morocco.

1919 - Haiti becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.

1924 - In New York City the first Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade is held.

1934 - Bank robber Baby Face Nelson dies in a shoot-out with the FBI.


1940 - In Romania, General Ion Antonescu's Iron Guard arrests and executes over 60 of exiled King Carol II of Romania's aides, including former minister Nicolae Iorga.

1940 - World War II: At the Battle of Cape Spartivento, the Royal Navy engages the Regia Marina in the Mediterranean.

1942 - World War II: At Toulon, the French navy scuttles its ships and submarines to keep them out of Nazi hands.

1946 - Cold War: Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru appeals to the United States and the Soviet Union to end nuclear testing and to start nuclear disarmament, stating that such an action would "save humanity from the ultimate disaster".

1954 - Alger Hiss is released from prison after serving 44 months for perjury.

1963 - The Convention on the Unification of Certain Points of Substantive Law on Patents for Invention is signed at Strasbourg.

1965 - Vietnam War: The Pentagon tells U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson that if planned operations were to succeed, the number of American troops in Vietnam has to be increased from 120,000 to 400,000.

1971 - Mars 2 of the Soviet space program landed on Mars.

1973 - The Twenty-fifth Amendment: The United States Senate votes 92 to 3 to confirm Gerald Ford as Vice President of the United States (on December 6, the House confirmed him 387 to 35).

1975 - The Provisional IRA assassinates Ross McWhirter, after a press conference in which McWhirter announced a reward for the capture of those responsible for multiple bombings and shootings across England and espoused his anti-Irish racist views.

1978 - In San Francisco, California, city mayor George Moscone and openly gay city supervisor Harvey Milk are assassinated by former supervisor Dan White.

1983 - A Colombian Boeing 747 crashes near Madrid's Barajas Airport, killing 183.

1990 - The British Conservative Party chooses John Major to succeed Margaret Thatcher as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.


1991 - The United Nations Security Council adopts UN Security Council Resolution 721, leading the way to the establishment of peacekeeping operations in Yugoslavia.

1992 - For the second time in a year, military forces try to overthow president Carlos Andres Perez in Venezuela.

1997 - Twenty-five are killed in the second Souhane massacre in Algeria.

1999 - The left-wing Labour Party takes control of the New Zealand government with leader Helen Clark becoming the first elected female Prime Minster in New Zealand's history.

2001 - A hydrogen atmosphere is discovered on the extrasolar planet Osiris by the Hubble Space Telescope, the first atmosphere detected on an extrasolar planet.

2005 - The first partial human face transplant is completed in Amiens, France.


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