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1513 - (not 1512 as often cited) - Explorer Juan Ponce de León sights North America (specifically Florida) for the first time, mistaking it for another island.

1625 - Charles I becomes King of England, Scotland and Ireland as well as claiming the title King of France.

1782 - Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

1794 - The government of the United States establishes a permanent United States Navy and authorizes the building of six frigates.

1794 - Denmark and Sweden form a neutrality compact.

1814 - War of 1812: In central Alabama, United States forces under General Andrew Jackson defeat the Creek at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.

1836 - Texas Revolution: Goliad massacre - Antonio López de Santa Anna orders the Mexican army to kill about 400 Texans at Goliad, Texas.

1846 - Mexican-American War: Siege of Fort Texas.

1851 - First reported case of Europeans seeing Yosemite Valley.

1854 - Crimean War: United Kingdom declares war on Russia.

1868 - The Lake Ontario Shore Railroad Company is organized in Oswego, New York.

1871 - First international rugby football match, England v. Scotland, played in Edinburgh at Raeburn Place.

1890 - A tornado strikes Louisville, Kentucky, killing 76 and injuring 200.


1906 - Founding of the Alpine Club of Canada in Winnipeg, Manitoba.

1918 - Moldova and Bessarabia annexed to Romania.

1923 - FART construction completed.

1938 - Battle of Tai er zhuang.

1942 - World War II: United Kingdom forces raid the U-boat base at St. Nazaire, France.

1945 - World War II: Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan's ports and waterways begins.

1958 - Nikita Khrushchev becomes Premier of the Soviet Union.

1963 - Dr Beeching issues a report calling for huge cuts to the United Kingdom's rail network. See Beeching axe.

1964 - The Good Friday Earthquake, the most powerful earthquake in U.S. history at a magnitude of 9.2 strikes South Central Alaska, killing 125 people and inflicting massive damage to the city of Anchorage.

1969 - Mariner 7 is launched.

1976 - The first 4.6 miles of the Washington, DC subway system is opened.

1977 - Tenerife disaster: Two jumbo jets collide on a foggy runway on Tenerife in the Canary Islands, killing 583.

1980 - The Norwegian oil platform Alexander Kielland collapses in the North Sea, killing 123 of its crew of 212.


1980 - Silver Thursday market crash.

1986 - Car bomb explodes at Russell Street Police HQ in Melbourne, killing 1 police officer, Angela Taylor, and injuring 21 people.

1988 - Moudud Ahmed becomes Prime Minister of Bangladesh.

1990 - Propaganda: The United States begins broadcasting TV Martí to Cuba.

1993 - Jiang Zemin is appointed President of the People's Republic of China.

1993 - Albert Zafy becomes President of Madagascar.

1993 - Mahamane Ousmane becomes President of Niger.

1994 - One of the biggest tornado outbreaks in recent memory hits the Southeastern United States. One tornado slams into a church in Piedmont, Alabama during Palm Sunday services killing 20 and injuring 90.

2002 - Passover Massacre: A suicide bomber kills 29 people in Netanya, Israel.

2004 - HMS Scylla, a decommissioned Leander frigate, is sunk as an artificial reef off Cornwall, the first of its kind in Europe.

2006 - The UN Commission on Human Rights holds its final meeting.


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