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678 - Saint Agatho begins his reign as a Catholic Pope.

1542 - Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo claims California for Spain.

1709 - Peter the Great defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava.

1743 - War of the Austrian Succession: Battle of Dettingen On the battlefield in Bavaria, George II personally led troops into battle. The last time that a British monarch would command troops in the field.

1759 - General James Wolfe starts siege of Quebec.

1806 - The British capture Buenos Aires.

1844 - Joseph Smith, Jr., dies in a gunfight along with his brother, Hyrum, at the Carthage, Illinois jail.

1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Kennesaw Mountain.

1867 - The Bank of California is created.

1893 - Crash of the New York Stock Exchange.

1898 - The first solo circumnavigation of the globe is completed by Joshua Slocum from Briar Island, Nova Scotia.

1950 - The United States decides to send troops to fight in the Korean War.

1953 - Joseph Laniel becomes Prime Minister of France.


1954 - The world's first nuclear power station opens in Obninsk, near Moscow.

1957 - Hurricane Audrey kills 500 people in Louisiana and Texas.

1966 - The first broadcast of Dark Shadows is aired on ABC-TV.

1967 - The world's first ATM is installed in Enfield, London.

1969 - Stonewall riots begin in New York city.

1974 - U.S president Richard Nixon visits the U.S.S.R.

1977 - France grants independence to Djibouti.

1979 - Muhammad Ali announces his retirement from boxing.

1980 - A commercial DC-9 (Aerolinee Itavia Flight 870) crashes near Ustica, Italy, killing 81

1984 - Pierre Elliott Trudeau wins the Albert Einstein Peace Prize.

1985 - Route 66 ceases to be an official U.S. highway.

1986 - The International Court of Justice finds against the United States in its judgement in Nicaragua v. United States.

1988 - 59 are killed and 55 are injured as a runaway train in Gare de Lyon, France plows into a packed rush-hour train.


1989 - Don Henley's "The End of the Innocence" released.

1991 - Slovenia, after declaring independence two days previous, is invaded by Yugoslav troops, tanks, and aircraft, starting the Ten-Day War.

1998 - Opening of the Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) in Malaysia.

2001 - International Court of Justice finds against the United States in its judgement in the LaGrand Case.

2005 - AMD files broad antitrust complaint against Intel Corporation in U.S. Federal District Court, alleging abuse of monopoly powers and antitrust violations.

2006 - Ronaldo broke the all-time World Cup finals goal-scoring record of 14 goals set by Gerd Müller of Germany, scoring his 15th World Cup goal, and Brazil's first goal of the match (Round of 16), against Ghana in his 18th World Cup match.


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