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585 BC - A solar eclipse occurs, as predicted by Thales, while Alyattes is battling Cyaxares in the Battle of the Eclipse, leading to a truce. This is one of the cardinal dates from which other dates can be calculated.

1108 - The Forces of Castile reached Ulces Castle, and prepared for the Battle of Ulces.

1503 - James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor are married by Pope Alexander VI according to Papal Bull.

1503 - The Treaty of Everlasting Peace between Scotland and England is signed, which would actually last 10 years.

1588 - The Spanish Armada, with 130 ships and 30,000 men, begins to set sail from Lisbon heading for the English Channel. (It will take until May 30 for all ships to leave port).

1644 - Bolton Massacre by Royalist troops under the command of the Earl of Derby.

1754 - French and Indian War: In the first engagement of the war, Virginia militia under 22-year-old Lieutenant Colonel George Washington defeat a French reconnaissance party in the Battle of Jumonville Glen in what is now Fayette County in southwestern Pennsylvania.

1774 - American Revolutionary War: The first Continental Congress convenes.

1863 - American Civil War: The 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, the first African American regiment, leaves Boston, Massachusetts, to fight for the Union.

1892 - In San Francisco, California, John Muir organizes the Sierra Club.

1905 - Russo-Japanese War: The Battle of Tsushima ends with the destruction of the Russian Baltic Fleet by Admiral Togo Heihachiro and the Imperial Japanese Navy.

1918 - The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic declares its statehood. It was the first democratic republic in the Muslim world.

1918- The Democratic Republic of Armenia declares its statehood.


1926 - Ditadura Nacional established in Portugal to suppress the unrest of the First Republic. (28th May 1926 coup d'état.)

1930 - The Chrysler Building in New York City officially opens.

1934 - Near Callander, Ontario, the Dionne quintuplets are born to Olivia and Elzire Dionne, later becoming the first quintuplets to survive infancy.

1934 - The Glyndebourne festival in England is inaugurated.

1936 - Alan Turing submits On Computable Numbers for publication.

1937 - The Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, California, is officially opened by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in Washington, DC, who pushes a button signaling the start of vehicle traffic over the span.

1937 - Neville Chamberlain becomes British Prime Minister.

1940 - World War II: Belgium surrenders to Germany.

1940 - World War II: Norwegian, French, Polish and British forces recapture Narvik. First allied infantry victory in WW2.

1942 - World War II: In retaliation for the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, Nazis in Czechoslovakia kill over 1800 people.

1952 - Memphis Kiddie Park opens in Brooklyn, Ohio. The park's Little Dipper roller coaster would become the oldest operating steel roller coaster in North America.

1961 - Peter Benenson's article "The Forgotten Prisoners" is published in several internationally read newspapers. This will later be thought of as the founding of the human rights organization Amnesty International.

1964 - The Palestine Liberation Organization is formed.


1969 - Sound engineer Glyn Johns mixes the second of the Beatles Bootlegs.

1974 - Northern Ireland's power-sharing Sunningdale Agreement collapses following a general strike by loyalists.

1975 - Fifteen West African countries sign the Treaty of Lagos, thus creating the Economic Community of West African States.

1977 - In Southgate, Kentucky, the Beverly Hills Supper Club is engulfed in fire, killing 165 people inside.

1978 - Second round of the presidential elections in Upper Volta. Elections won by incumbent Sangoulé Lamizana.

1982 - Falklands War: British forces defeat the Argentines at the Battle of Goose Green.

1987 - 19-year-old West German pilot Mathias Rust evades Soviet Union air defenses and lands a private plane in Red Square in Moscow. He is immediately detained and is not released until August 3, 1988.

1987 - A robot probe finds the wreckage of the USS Monitor near Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.

1991 - The capital city of Addis Ababa, falls to the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, ending both the Derg regime in Ethiopia and the Ethiopian Civil War.

1995 - The Russian town of Neftegorsk is hit by a 7.6 magnitude earthquake that kills at least 2,000 people, 2/3 of total population.

1998 - Nuclear testing: Pakistan responds to a series of Indian nuclear tests with five of its own, prompting the United States, Japan, and other nations to impose economic sanctions.

1999 - In Milan, Italy, after 22 years of restoration work, Leonardo da Vinci's newly-restored masterpiece "The Last Supper" is put back on display.

2000 - The volcano Mount Cameroon erupts.

2003 - Peter Hollingworth becomes the first Governor-General of Australia to resign his office as a result of criticism of his conduct.

2006 - German-born Pope Benedict XVI visits Auschwitz to conclude his pilgrimage to Poland.


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