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475 - The Roman general Orestes forces western Roman Emperor Julius Nepos to flee his capital of Ravenna and appoints his own son Romulus Augustus in his place.

489 - Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths defeats Odoacer at the Battle of Isonzo, forcing his way into Italy.

888 - Today was the last day until February 2, 2000 that all of the digits in the date were even.

1521 - The Ottoman Turks occupy Belgrade

1542 - Reinforced with at least 600 arquebusiers and cavalry, Imam Ahmad Gragn attacks the Portuguese camp in the Battle of Wofla. The Portuguese are scattered, their leader Christov√£o da Gama captured and afterwards executed.

1565 - St. Augustine, Florida, established. It is the oldest surviving European settlement in the United States.

1609 - Henry Hudson discovers Delaware Bay.

1619 - Ferdinand II is elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.

1830 - The Tom Thumb presages the first railway service in the United States.

1845 - Scientific American magazine publishes its first issue

1849 - After a month-long siege, Venice, which had declared itself independent, surrenders to Austria.

1850 - Richard Wagner's opera Lohengrin premieres in Weimar, Germany.

1862 - Second Battle of Bull Run, also known as the battle of Second Manassas


1867 - The United States occupies Midway Island.

1879 - Cetshwayo, last king of the Zulus, is captured by the British.

1884 - First known photograph of a tornado is made.

1898 - Caleb Bradham renames his carbonated soft drink "Pepsi-Cola".

1907 - UPS is founded by James E. Casey in Seattle, Washington.

1913 - Queen Wilhelmina opens the Peace Palace in The Hague.

1914 - The British fleet beats the German fleet in the Battle of Heligoland Bight.

1916 - Germany declares war on Romania.

1916 - Italy declares war on Germany.

1917 - Ten suffragists are arrested when picketing the White House.

1918 - PFC Spartak Varna founded.

1937 - Toyota Motors becomes an independent company

1943 - In Denmark, a general strike against the Nazi occupation is started.


1944 - Marseille and Toulon are liberated.

1953 - Nippon Television broadcasts Japan's first television show, including its first TV advertisement.

1955 - Black Mississippian Emmett Till is murdered, allegedly for whistling to a white woman and calling her baby.

1963 - During a 200,000-person civil rights rally in at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., Martin Luther King, Jr. gives his famous I have a dream speech.

1964 - The Philadelphia race riot began.

1968 - Riots in Chicago, Illinois, during the Democratic National Convention

1971 - The dollar is allowed to float against the yen for the first time.

1972 - During the Olympic Games in Munich, Mark Spitz gets his first of seven gold medals in swimming events.

1975 - Missionary Armand Doll is imprisoned in Mozambique by Marxist extremists.

1979 - An IRA bomb explodes on the Great Market in Brussels.

1981 - The National Centers for Disease Control announce a high incidence of Pneumocystis and Kaposi's sarcoma in gay men. Soon, these will be recognized as symptoms of an immune disorder, which will be called AIDS.

1986 - Stage of siege declared in Bolivia.

1986 - US Navy officer Jerry A. Whitworth is sentenced to 365 years imprisonment for espionage for the Soviet Union.

1988 - At an air show in Ramstein, West Germany, three stunt fighters collide; 69 people die.

1990 - Iraq declares Kuwait to be its newest province.

1990 - The Plainfield Tornado: An F5 tornado hits in Plainfield, Illinois, and Joliet, Illinois, killing 28 people.

1991 - A drunk motorman speeds into the Union Square station on the No. 4 line in New York City. The train derails on the curve, killing six passengers and injuring dozens.

1993 - A dam breaks in Qinghai, China. 223 die.

1993 - 76 die in an airplane crash in Tajikistan.

1994 - First Japanese gay pride march.

1995 - A mortar shell kills 38 people in Sarajevo, Bosnia.

1996 - Britain's Charles, Prince of Wales, and Diana, Princess of Wales, are divorced.

1998 - Pakistan's National Assembly passes a constitutional amendment to make the "Qur'an and Sunnah" the "supreme law" but the bill is defeated in the Senate.

2005 - A mandatory evacuation is ordered by New Orleans, Louisiana mayor Ray Nagin and Louisiana governor Kathleen Blanco as Hurricane Katrina moved nearer to Louisiana.


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