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48 BC - Pompey the Great is assassinated on orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt (may have occurred September 29, records unclear).

351 - Battle of Mursa Major: the Roman Emperor Constantius II defeats the usurper Magnentius.

365 - Roman usurper Procopius bribes two legions passing by Constantinople, and proclaims himself Roman emperor.

935 - Saint Wenceslas is murdered by his brother, Boleslav I of Bohemia.

995 - Members of Slavník's dynasty - Spytimír, Pobraslav, Po?ej and ?áslav are murdered by Boleslaus's son, Boleslaus II the Pious

1066 - William the Conqueror invades England: the Norman Conquest begins.

1106 - The Battle of Tinchebrai - Henry I of England defeats his brother, Robert Curthose.

1322 - Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor defeats Frederick I of Austria in the Battle of Mühldorf.

1448 - Christian I is crowned king of Denmark.

1542 - Navigator Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo of Portugal arrives as what is now San Diego, California, United States.

1708 - Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya.

1779 - American Revolution: Samuel Huntington is elected President of the Continental Congress, succeeding John Jay.

1781 - American forces backed by a French fleet begin the siege of Yorktown, Virginia, during the American Revolutionary War.


1787 - The newly completed United States Constitution is voted on by the U.S. Congress to be sent to the State legislatures for approval.

1820 - The tomato is publicly proven safe when Robert Johnson eats a bushel (24 kg) of tomatoes in Salem, Massachusetts.

1823 - Leo XII is elected pope.

1844 - Oscar I of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Sweden.

1867 - Toronto becomes the capital of Ontario.

1867 - The United States takes control of Midway Island.

1868 - Battle of Alcolea causes Queen Isabella II of Spain to flee to France.

1871 - Brazil passes law freeing future children of slaves.

1928 - UK passed Dangerous Drugs Act (1925) - outlawing cannabis.

1939 - Germany and the Soviet Union agree on a division of Poland after their invasion during World War II.

1939 - Warsaw surrenders to Nazi Germany during World War II.

1944 - Battle of Arnhem - Germans defeat British airborne at Arnhem, Netherlands.

1944 - Soviet Army troops liberate Klooga concentration camp in Klooga, Estonia.


1958 - France ratifies a new Constitution of France; the French Fifth Republic is then formed upon the formal adoption of the new constitution on October 4. Guinea rejects the new constitution, voting for independence instead.

1961 - A military coup in Damascus effectively ends the United Arab Republic, the union between Egypt and Syria.

1962 - Paddington tram depot fire destroys 65 trams in Brisbane,Australia

1971 - UK Misuse of Drugs Act: medicinal cannabis is banned.

1972 - Paul Henderson scores The Goal to win the Canada/USSR (ice hockey) "Summit Series".

1973 - ITT Building in New York City bombed to protest ITT's involvement in the September 11 1973 coup d'état in Chile.

1976 - R&B singer Stevie Wonder releases the classic double album Songs in the Key of Life.

1987 - Encounter at Farpoint, the first episode of TV show Star Trek: The Next Generation airs.

1994 - The car ferry MS Estonia sinks in Baltic Sea, killing 852 people.

1995 - Bob Denard and a group of mercenaries take the islands of Comoros in a coup.

2000 - The Al-Aqsa Intifada begins after the visit of Ariel Sharon to the Al-Aqsa Mosque.


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