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1429 - Joan of Arc arrives to relieve the Siege of Orléans.

1672 - Franco-Dutch War: Louis XIV of France invades the Netherlands.

1770 - James Cook arrives at and names Botany Bay, Australia.

1854 - The Ashmun Institute is officially chartered, becoming the first college for African American students.

1861 - American Civil War: Maryland's House of Delegates votes not to secede from the Union.

1862 - American Civil War: New Orleans falls to Union forces under Admiral David Farragut.

1864 - The Theta Xi fraternity is founded at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York.

1882 - The "Elektromote" ? forerunner of the trolleybus ? trialed by Ernst Werner von Siemens in Berlin.

1903 - A 30 million cubic-metre landslide kills 70 in Frank, Alberta, Canada.

1910 - Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the second time.

1916 - Easter Rebellion: Martial law in Ireland is lifted and the rebellion is officially over with the surrender of Irish nationalists to British authorities in Dublin.

1945 - World War II: The German Army in Italy unconditionally surrenders to the Allies.

1945 - World War II: Start of Operation Manna.


1945 - Adolf Hitler marries his long-time partner Eva Braun in a Berlin bunker and designates Admiral Karl Dönitz as his successor.

1945 - Holocaust: The Dachau concentration camp is liberated by United States troops.

1946 - Former Prime Minister of Japan Hideki Tojo and 28 former Japanese leaders are indicted for war crimes.

1951 - A Tibetan delegation to the Chinese government was presented with a treaty draft regarding the Chinese occupation of Tibet.

1965 - Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) successfully launches seventh rocket in their Rehber series.

1967 - After refusing induction into the United States Army the day before (citing religious reasons), Muhammad Ali is stripped of his boxing title.

1970 - Vietnam War: United States and South Vietnamese forces invade Cambodia to hunt Viet Cong.

1974 - Watergate Scandal: President Richard Nixon announces the release of edited transcripts of White House tape recordings related to the scandal.

1975 - Vietnam War: Operation Frequent Wind ? The last U.S. citizens begin evacuation from Saigon prior to an expected North Vietnamese takeover. United States involvement in the war comes to an end.

1986 - Roger Clemens sets a major league baseball record with 20 strikeouts in nine innings against the Seattle Mariners.

1992 - 1992 Los Angeles riots: Riots in Los Angeles, California, follow the acquittal of police officers charged with excessive force in the beating of Rodney King. Over the next three days 54 people are killed and hundreds of buildings are destroyed.

1997 - The Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993 enters into force, outlaws the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons among its signatories.

2002 - The United States is re-elected to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, one year after losing the seat it had held for 50 years.


2004 - Dick Cheney and George W. Bush testify before the 9/11 Commission in a closed, unrecorded hearing in the Oval Office.

2005 - Syria completes withdrawal from Lebanon, ending 29 years of occupation.


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