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61 BC - Pompey the Great celebrates his third triumph, for victories over the pirates and the end of the Mithridatic Wars on his 45th birthday.

48 BC - Ptolemy XIII of Egypt had Pompey murdered and his head cut off on his 58th birthday. Pompey's head and ring were kept for Julius Caesar.

855 - Pope Benedict III becomes pope.

1364 - Battle of Auray: English forces defeat French at Brittany; end of the Breton War of Succession

1567 - At a dinner, the Duke of Alba arrests the Count of Egmont and the Count of Horne for treason.

1650 - Henry Robinson opens his Office of Addresses and Encounters - the first historically documented dating service - in Threadneedle Street, London

1789 - The U.S. War Department first establishes regular army with a strength of several hundred men.

1789 - The first U.S. Congress adjourns.

1829 - London's reorganized police force, the Metropolitan Police, becomes the first official police department in the world.

1864 - American Civil War: The Battle of Chaffin's Farm is fought.

1907 - The cornerstone is laid at Washington National Cathedral in the U.S. capital.

1918 - The Hindenburg Line is broken by Allied forces during World War I.

1938 - Britain, France, Nazi Germany and Italy sign the Munich Agreement, allowing Germany to occupy the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia.


1939 - Poland is invaded by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union.

1941 - The Babi Yar massacre begins.

1943 - U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower and Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio sign an armistice aboard the British ship Nelson off the shore of Malta.

1954 - The convention establishing CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) is signed.

1962 - Alouette 1, the first Canadian satellite is launched.

1963 - The second period of the Second Vatican Council opens.

1965 - The NSA memorial lists ten agents lost on this date.

1972 - Sino-Japanese relations: Japan establishes diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China after breaking official ties with the Republic of China.

1988 - NASA resumes space shuttle flights, grounded after the Challenger disaster.

1992 - Brazilian President Fernando Collor de Mello resigns.

1996 - Nintendo released the Nintendo 64 in North America.

2001 - The Syracuse Herald-Journal, a U.S. newspaper dating back to 1839, ceases publication.

2003 - Hurricane Juan makes landfall at Nova Scotia.


2004 - The asteroid 4179 Toutatis passes within four lunar distances of Earth.

2004 - The Burt Rutan Ansari X Prize entry SpaceShipOne performed a successful spaceflight, thereby halfway to winning the prize.

2005 - US Senate confirms John Roberts to be the next Chief Justice of the United States.


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