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8 - Roman general Tiberius defeats Dalmatians on the river Bathinus.

435 - Deposed Patriarch of Constantinople Nestorius, considered the originator of the Christological "heresy" (at the time) known as Nestorianism, was exiled by Byzantine Emperor Theodosius II to a monastery in Egypt.

881 - Battle of Saucourt-en-Vimeu, where Louis III of France defeated the Vikings, an event celebrated in the poem Ludwigslied

1492 - Christopher Columbus sets sail from Palos de la Frontera, Spain.

1492 - The Jews of Spain are expelled by the Catholic Monarchs.

1527 - First known letter was sent from North America by John Rut while at St. John's, Newfoundland.

1635 - The third of the Tokugawa shoguns, Iemitsu, establishes the system of alternate attendance by which the feudal daimy? are required to spend one year at Edo Castle in Tokyo and one year back home at their feudal manor, while their families remained in Tokyo as virtual political hostages. (Traditional Japanese Date: June 21, 1635).

1645 - The Second Battle of Nördlingen is fought between the forces of France and the Holy Roman Empire.

1678 - Robert LaSalle builds the Griffon, the first known ship built in America.

1783 - Mount Asama erupts in Japan, killing 35,000 people.

1860 - The Second Maori War begins in New Zealand.

1900 - Firestone Tire & Rubber Company founded.

1914 - First World War: Germany declares war against France.


1916 - First World War: The Battle of Romani is fought between forces of the British Empire and the Ottoman Empire.

1923 - Calvin Coolidge is inaugurated as the 30th President of the United States.

1934 - Adolf Hitler becomes the supreme leader of Germany by joining the offices of President and Chancellor into Führer.

1940 - Second World War: Italy invades British Somaliland.

1946 - National Basketball Association is founded in the United States.

1948 - Whittaker Chambers accuses Alger Hiss of being a communist and a spy for the Soviet Union.

1958 - The nuclear submarine USS Nautilus travels beneath the Arctic ice cap.

1960 - Niger gains independence from France.

1972 - U.S. Senate ratifies the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.

1975 - A privately chartered Boeing 707 impacts the mountainside near Agadir, Morocco killing 188.

1977 - United States Senate Hearing on MKULTRA.

1981 - In the United States, Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization walks off the job. All 13,000 members will eventually be fired by President Ronald Reagan.

1981 - Senegalese opposition parties, under the leadership of Mamadou Dia, launches the Antiimperialist Action Front-Suxxali Reew Mi.


1996 - General William F. Garrison accepted responsibility for the outcome of the 1993 raid in Somalia, and he retired from military service.

1997 - Oued El-Had and Mezouara massacre in Algeria; 40-76 villagers killed.

2004 - The pedestal of the Statue of Liberty reopens after being closed since the September 11, 2001 attacks.

2005 - President Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya of Mauritania is overthrown in a military coup while attending the funeral of King Fahd in Saudi Arabia.


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