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1282 - The people of Sicily rebel against the Angevin king Charles I, in what becomes known as the Sicilian Vespers.

1296 - Edward I sacks Berwick-upon-Tweed, during armed conflict between Scotland and England.

1492 - Ferdinand and Isabella sign the Alhambra decree aimed at expelling all Jews from Spain unless they convert to Roman Catholicism.

1533 - Thomas Cranmer becomes Archbishop of Canterbury.

1814 - Napoleonic Wars: Sixth Coalition forces march into Paris.

1822 - Florida Territory created in the United States.

1842 - Anesthesia is used for the first time in an operation by Dr. Crawford Long.

1844 - One of the most important battles of the Dominican War of Independence from Haiti takes place near the city of Santiago de los Caballeros.

1855 - Origins of the American Civil War: Bleeding Kansas - "Border Ruffians" from Missouri invade Kansas and force election of a pro-slavery legislature.

1856 - The Treaty of Paris (1856) is signed, ending the Crimean War.

1858 - Hymen Lipman patents a pencil with an attached eraser.

1867 - Alaska is purchased for $7.2 million, about 2 cent/acre ($4.19/km²), by United States Secretary of State William H. Seward. The news media call this Seward's Folly.

1870 - Texas is readmitted to the Union following Reconstruction.


1910 - Mississippi Legislature founded The University of Southern Mississippi.

1912 - Sultan Abdelhafid signs the Treaty of Fez, making Morocco a French protectorate.

1940 - Sino-Japanese War: Japan declares Nanking to be the capital of a new Chinese puppet government, nominally controlled by Wang Ching-wei.

1945 - World War II: Soviet Union forces invade Austria and take Vienna, Polish and Soviet forces liberate Gda?sk.

1951 - Remington Rand delivers the first UNIVAC I computer to the United States Census Bureau.

1954 - The first subway in Canada opens after five years of construction, in Toronto.

1961 - The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is signed at New York.

1964 - Merv Griffin's game show Jeopardy! makes its debut on television. Art Fleming hosts the first episode on NBC.

1965 - Vietnam War: A car bomb explodes in front of the U.S. Embassy in Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others.

1972 - Vietnam War: The Eastertide Offensive begins after North Vietnamese forces cross into the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) of South Vietnam.

1981 - Reagan assassination attempt: President Ronald Reagan is shot in the chest outside a Washington, D.C., hotel by John Hinckley, Jr. Reagan will become the first U.S. president to survive Tecumseh's curse, under which presidents elected in a year ending with zero died while in office.

2006 - Marcos Pontes is the first Brazilian astronaut in space.

2006 - UK Terrorism Act 2006 became law.



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