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350 - Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, is defeated and killed by troops of the usurper Magnentius, in Rome

1651 - The Battle of Beresteczko ends with a Polish victory.

1688 - The Immortal Seven issue the Invitation to William, beginning the struggle for English independence from Rome which would culminate in the Glorious Revolution.

1758 - Seven Years' War: Battle of Domstadtl.

1805 - The U.S. Congress organizes Michigan Territory.

1864 - U.S. President Abraham Lincoln grants Yosemite Valley to California for "public use, resort and recreation."

1882 - Charles Guiteau hanged in Washington, DC for the shooting death of President James Garfield.

1883 - The first appearance of The Black Arrow by Robert Louis Stevenson in Young Folks; A Boys' and Girls' Paper of Instructive and Entertaining Literature.

1886 - The first transcontinental train trip across Canada departs from Montréal. It arrived in Port Moody, British Columbia on July 4 of the same year.

1905 - Albert Einstein publishes the article "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies", where he introduces special relativity.

1906 - Congress passes the Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act.

1908 - The Tunguska impact event occurs in Siberia.

1912 - The Regina Cyclone hits Regina, Saskatchewan, killing 28. It remains Canada's deadliest tornado event.


1934 - The Night of the Long Knives, Adolf Hitler's violent purge of his political rivals in Germany, takes place.

1935 - The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its first congress.

1936 - Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell published.

1944 - The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces.

1956 - A TWA Super Constellation and a United Airlines DC-7 (Flight 718) collide above the Grand Canyon in Arizona, United States, killing 128.

1960 - Congo gains independence from Belgium.

1969 - Nigeria bans Red Cross aid to Biafra.

1971 - The crew of the Soviet Soyuz 11 spacecraft are killed when their air supply escapes through a faulty valve.

1971 - The 26th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, lowering the voting age to 18, is ratified as Ohio becomes the 38th state to approve it.

1977 - Virginia Wade wins the Ladies Singles title at Wimbledon, the last British champion at the All England Club.

1978 - Willie McCovey becomes the 12th member of the 500 home run club with a home run at Fulton County Stadium in Atlanta, Georgia.

1990 - East and West Germany merge their economies.

1992- Former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher has taken her place in the House of Lords as Baroness Thatcher of Kesteven.


1997 - China resumes sovereignty over the city-state of Hong Kong, ending 156 years of British colonial rule.

2005 - Spain legalizes same-sex marriage.


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