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1399 - Henry IV is proclaimed King of England.

1813 - Battle of Bárbula: Simón Bolívar defeats Santiago Bobadilla.

1882 - The world's first commercial hydroelectric power plant (later known as Appleton Edison Light Company) begins operation on the Fox River in Appleton, Wisconsin, United States.

1888 - Jack the Ripper kills his third and fourth victims, Elizabeth Stride and Catherine Eddowes.

1895 - Madagascar becomes a French protectorate.

1906 - Real Academia Galega, Galician language biggest linguistic authority starts working in Havana.

1927 - Babe Ruth, Becomes the first baseball player to hit 60 home runs in a season

1935 - The Hoover Dam, astride the border between the U.S. states of Arizona and Nevada, is dedicated.

1938 - The League of Nations unanimously outlaws "intentional bombings of civilian populations".

1939 - General W?adys?aw Sikorski becomes commander-in-chief of the Polish Government in exile.

1947 - The Islamic Republic of Pakistan joined the United Nations.

1947 - Baseball: The World Series, featuring New York Yankees and the Brooklyn Dodgers, is televised for the first time.

1949 - The Berlin Airlift ends.


1954 - The U.S. Navy submarine USS Nautilus is commissioned as the world's first nuclear reactor powered vessel.

1962 - Mexican-American labor leader César Chávez founds the United Farm Workers.

1962 - James Meredith enters the University of Mississippi, defying segregation.

1962 - Last episodes of Suspense and Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar broadcast on CBS Radio, marking the end of The Golden Age of Radio.

1965 - Civil unrest follows a failed coup attempt by Indonesia Communist Party (PKI). More than a million people died.

1966 - The British protectorate of Bechuanaland declares its independence, and becomes the Republic of Botswana. Seretse Khama takes office as the first President.

1967 - BBC Radio 1 is launched; the BBC's other national radio stations also adopt numeric names. Tony Blackburn presents the first show.

1967 - Ceylon Broadcasting Corporation is launched in Colombo; the station was formerly known as Radio Ceylon.

1975 - The Hughes (later McDonnell-Douglas, now Boeing) AH-64 Apache makes its first flight.

1979 - The Hong Kong MTR commenced service with the opening of its Modified Initial System (aka. Kwun Tong Line).

1980 - Ethernet specifications published by Xerox working with Intel and Digital Equipment Corporation.

1982 - Cyanide-laced Tylenol kills six people in the Chicago area. Seven were killed in all. The incident is known as the Tylenol murders.

1989 - Foreign Minister of West Germany Hans-Dietrich Genscher's speech from the balcony of the German embassy in Prague.


1990 - The Dalai Lama unveils the Canadian Tribute to Human Rights in Canada's capital city of Ottawa.

1991 - President Jean-Bertrand Aristide of Haiti is forced from office.

1993 - An earthquake hits India's Latur and Osmanabad district of Marathwada (Aurangabad division) in Maharashtra state leaving tens of thousands of people dead and many more homeless.

1999 - Japan's worst nuclear accident at a uranium reprocessing facility in Tokai-mura, northeast of Tokyo. Workers overload a container with uranium, exposing workers and local residents to very high radiation levels.

2004 - AIM-54 Phoenix which became the primary missile for the Northrop Grumman F-14 Tomcat retired from U.S. Navy.

2004 - The first images of a live giant squid in its natural habitat is taken 600 miles south of Tokyo.

2005 - The Parliament of Catalonia passes with 120 plus votes and 15 against, the Project of New Catalan Statute of Autonomy, proclaiming in its article 1, "Catalonia is a nation".

2005 - The controversial drawings of Muhammad are printed in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten.


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