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476 - Romulus Augustus, the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire, is deposed when Odoacer proclaims himself King of Italy.

1260 - The Senese Ghibellines, supported by the forces of King Manfred of Sicily, defeat the Florentine Guelphs at Montaperti.

1781 - Los Angeles, California, is founded as El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora La Reina de los Ángeles de Porciúncula (the City of Our Lady, the Queen of the Angels of the Little Portion) by a group of 44 Spanish settlers.

1870 - Emperor Napoleon III of France is deposed and the Third Republic is declared.

1886 - Indian Wars: After almost 30 years of fighting, Apache leader Geronimo surrenders with his last band of warriors to General Nelson Miles at Skeleton Canyon in Arizona.

1888 - George Eastman registers the trademark Kodak, and receives a patent for his camera which uses roll film.

1894 - In New York City, 12,000 tailors strike against sweatshop working conditions.

1923 - In Lakehurst, New Jersey, the first U.S. airship, the USS Shenandoah, takes to the sky for the first time.

1940 - World War II: The USS Greer becomes the first United States ship fired upon by a German submarine in the war, even though the United States is a neutral power. Tension heightens between the two nations as a result.

1944 - World War II: The British 11th Armoured Division liberate the Belgian city of Antwerp.

1945 - World War II: Japanese forces surrender on Wake Island after hearing word of their nation's surrender.

1948 - Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands abdicates for health reasons.

1949 - Maiden flight of the Bristol Brabazon.


1950 - The "Beetle Bailey" comic strip begins.

1950 - Darlington Raceway is the site of the inaugural Southern 500, the first 500-mile NASCAR race.

1951 - The first live transcontinental television broadcast takes place in San Francisco, California, from the Japanese Peace Treaty Conference.

1957 - American Civil Rights Movement: Little Rock Crisis - Orville Faubus, governor of Arkansas, calls out the National Guard to prevent black students from enrolling in Central High School in Little Rock.

1957 - The Ford Motor Company introduces the Edsel.

1963 - Swissair Flight 306 crashes near Dürrenäsch, Switzerland, killing all on board.

1964 - Scotland's Forth Road Bridge, near Edinburgh, officially opens.

1967 - The last new episode of the television sitcom Gilligan's Island airs on CBS-TV.

1967 - Vietnam War: Operation Swift begins: U.S. Marines launch a search-and-destroy mission in Quang Nam and Quang Tin Provinces. The ensuing four-day battle in Que Son Valley kills 114 Americans and 376 North Vietnamese.

1971 - A Boeing 727 carrying Alaska Airlines Flight 1866 crashes into the side of a mountain near Juneau, Alaska, killing all 111 people on board.

1971 - In the U.S., The Lawrence Welk Show airs its last show on ABC-TV before moving to syndication which would last until 1982.

1972 - Mark Spitz wins his seventh swimming gold medal at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany, becoming the first Olympian to win seven gold medals.

1972 - Israeli Athletes taken hostage by Palestinian Black September (group) at 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich massacre


1972 - The Price Is Right returns to television as The New Price Is Right on CBS, hosted by Bob Barker (it is still on the daytime schedule at present). The Joker's Wild and Gambit also premiere on CBS.

1972 - KOCE, a PBS station for Huntington Beach, CA starts showing programs.

1995 - The Fourth World Conference on Women opens in Beijing with over 4,750 delegates from 181 countries in attendance.

1996 - War on Drugs: Colombian Revolutionary Armed Forces (FARC) attack a military base in Guaviare, starting three weeks of guerrilla warfare that will claim the lives of at least 130 Colombians.

1997 - In Lorain, Ohio, United States, the last Ford Thunderbird rolls off the assembly line.


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